Edvard Munch - The Scream (1893)

artistry online presents the screen by

Edward mink at fat milk is a Norwegian

artists associated with symbolism and

seen as a precursor of Expressionism

monk made the screen in 1893 it is his

most famous painting the original title

of this painting is in German disguised

in Italian

literally the scream of nature the

painting is hung in the National Gallery

in Oslo the capital of Norway the

painting has a mother's ties it meshes

ninety one by seventy three point five

centimeters even though the scream in

Oslo is the most famous version we've

made it isn't the only one he actually

made four versions of this diction the

first is the one you've already seen an

oil tempera and pastel painting on

cardboards mates in 1893 it was stolen

in 1994 but was recovered undamaged

within three months the second is a

pastel also made in 1893 it is hung in

the mutant human arsenal

in 2004 the pastel version was stolen

after two years it was recovered but

with some moisture damage the root

museum also has a 1910 tempera and

cardboard version in his collection a

pastel of the year 1895 is in private

hands it broke the auction record and

was sold for almost hundred and twenty

million dollars at the subsidies auction

on the 2nd of May 2012 it is the highest

amount ever paid for a painting as an

auction besides these four versions Luke

also make a little graph shown so the

picture could be reproduced to

understand the artists motivation and in

particular the meaning of this painting

for first have to address new family

history among family ill health and

mental illness are recurrent he once

said illness insanity and death for the

black angels that kept watch over my

cradle and accompanied me all my life

through this life Luke himself was

troubled with alcoholism emotional

crisis and nervous breakdown the scenes

in his art are greatly influenced by

this family history of sickness before

example made the sick child the memory

of his sister who died at the age of

fourteen the Luke was 5 years old as you

can see by looking at monks early

painting the fifth child he at first

works in the academic tradition rooted

in French romantic realism of the

Barbican school and in German lyrical

naturalism in between 1889 and 1892

nucleus in Paris where he encountered

post-impressionist art for example by

Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin the

expression through color by D fainted

greatly influenced Luke since parish

Luke's art became more expressionist and

symbolic throughout his life link was

exploring the spiritual he was an

intuitive person and artist

responding highly sensitive to nature

and culture around him in his art he

could channel the strong emotions he

experienced his approach was also

intensely literary and mystical they'll

being severely critiqued by Norwegian

and German critics he continued making

emotionally tortured works among rich

history the free supplies in this series

the recurring theme is the anguish

caused by love illness and death the

scream of nature is part of history the

scream depicts an abstracted landscape

with a central figure and two figures in

the background on the left the image is

constructed of brushstrokes and pestle

lines of different thicknesses we can't

see any sharp contours the composition

exists of three main lines in the

railings along the path connecting the

separate figures in the horizon framing

the water and a line along what seems to

be the fruit of the hill or the town in

the middle of this composition or

through emphasizes the water level along

the main line smaller lines are drawn

dynamic curving lines extending like a

ripple effect the placement of several

figurative elements the main figure the

men in the background and to vote so

obstructive gives a sense of space and

distance the main

and of the composition also distinguish

the separate color patches the brown

land blue water party lit by the Sun and

the orange red sky the contrasting

colors in a road and the sky creative

energetic temptation the lines seem to

be shooting backwards like a sound wave

extending outward from its own clashing

with the wild curves of the burning sky

in the prologue of Expressionism most

emphasis on the expression of the inner

experience over the naturalistic detail

is radical the use of strong colors

simplified form dynamic lines intensify

the emotional power of this picture but

besides being part of the frieze of life

what does the screen signify why is made

to screaming or a huge if you'da cry for

help or a cry of desperation Luke

describes how he came to make the

painting one evening I was walking along

a path the city was on one side and the

Fiat below I felt tired until I stopped

and looked out over the field the Sun

was setting and the clouds turning

blood-red I sent to scream passing

through nature it seemed to me that I

heard the scream I painted this picture

painted the clouds his actual blood the

colour shrieks this became the screen

according to Anderson the screen was an

agonized shriek translated into bands of

color that echo lacks anguish across the

landscape and through the blood red sky

as Luke walked across a bridge he was

seized with despair and felt the great

infinite screen pass through nature the

landscape in the painting is the fear of

the Kristiana field from the rose quartz

fall her veins on a cobalt hill next to

us know the hill and the park on top

were popular places for the citizens of

Earth no to fidget and for artists to

paint the red skies could be inspired by

the blood-red colored sky in the wake of

the folk any corruption of Krakatoa in

Indonesia but you're a witness not long

before Luke's painted the screen and who

are those figures in the background are

they part of monks in a landscape or

bystanders are they simply walking by or

passing judgment

it is thought that they either eyes

friends that accompanies him up the hill

or a daily presenter critiquing maps

MOOC understood despair and the pain of

feeling judged isolated or misunderstood

a hand-painted phone on the frame of the

1895 specific version of the screen moon

confirms the first assumption but that

doesn't exclude the second meaning I was

walking along the road with two friends

the Sun was setting suddenly the sky

turned blood-red

I passed feeling exhausted and leaned on

the fence there was blood and song

sapphire above the blue black short in

the city

my friends walked on and I stood there

trembling with anxiety and I sensed an

infinite scream passing through nature

but the most pressing question is who is

the remarkable figure in the foreground

it seems an ambiguous race sex and a

chess creature its hands are held to its

head and from its mouth we rise his

silent screech the dynamic lines and the

intense color shoot into the landscape

and amplify this onion screen it is

thought that this a sexual being is

inspired by a Peruvian mummy on display

at the world exhibition of 1889 in Paris

the figure could represent Luke or

personify nature or even both the scream

is mainly seen as a symbol of modern

anxiety and alienation monks are

discontented with the evolving modern

world and its irreversible impacts on

nature the anxiety portrayed in the

scream and other paintings by moon are a

more general and ambiguous expression

rather than a specific one in this case

it's a howl of exciting for

modernization and its effect on nature

without a doubt it is a result of monks

tortured psyche the scream has been a

substantial source of inspiration for

pop culture it has been parodied

hundreds of times in cartoons but has

also been reproduced in art for example

arrow with his the second dream or

dingdong even Andy Warhol you might know

the cartoons wiener dog art by Gary


and do you remember the film poster for

home alone and the Halloween mask growth

phase used in the screen horror movie

also designers in the sci-fi TV show

Doctor Who is inspired by the screen in

just a few minutes you've learned the

major facts about the screen by expert


what makes this painting so appealing

are its powerful color palette the

dynamic use of lines and compositions

and it's agentic motive the screen might

evolve more questions than could be

answered but especially this ambiguous

and radical character gives you the

ability to bear so many meanings and

allows it to speak to so many people

throughout generations thank you for

watching this video for our christian

online for questions and requests these