the

Countries and Trade Routes near Mediterranean Sea

often times questions are asked

regarding the Mediterranean Sea and many

at times the questions are related to

factors such as the countries that are

around that see or the climatic

condition or sometimes the major ports

or the kind of crops that are produced

in the region of Mediterranean Sea so in

this video we will get to know various

aspects of the Mediterranean Sea so

basically this region over here is the

Mediterranean Sea and all the names of

the countries that you see in the bold

fonts they are the Mediterranean

countries because these countries

surrounding Mediterranean Sea or you can

say that their land boundary is shared

by the Mediterranean Sea now on the

western side of Mediterranean Sea you

will find the Atlantic Ocean and there

is this small place known as Gibraltar

so this place is a British overseas

territory and it is actually not that

big in size anyways this place is like

the gatekeeper for the Mediterranean Sea

to join the Atlantic Ocean and further

it has a very famous name called as the

Strait of Gibraltar and to the south of

Mediterranean Sea you will have the

African continent and at North you have

the European continent and to the east

of it lies the Middle East countries and

to the far north eastern side lies the

Asian continent and roughly the major

portion at this places is owned by

Russia now let us talk about some of the

seas that are there nearby to

Mediterranean Sea because they are

important as well there's not just that

Mediterranean Sea is to be known you

also need to know rest other seas that

are there around it so the first one is

the Caspian Sea

now this over here is a it's a large

enclosed inland body of water and it is

also probably the largest on earth so

when I say inland I basically mean that

it does not joins any sea or ocean

further it is just an inland it is just

a small lake sort of a thing that lies

in between and surrounded by land

so roughly if you have to remember just

think of it this way that it lies to the

north eastern side of Mediterranean Sea

now coming to the second see the the sea

that is next to the Caspian Sea it is

known as Black Sea now surprisingly

Black Sea is not black in color but it

is much darker

due to its algae formation because this

sea is not that much saline when

compared to others

therefore algae formation is at its

prime and when you have a lot of algae

at the bottom of the sea so from the top

it looks as if the sea is dark in color

so that's how it is the Black Sea now

this place over here is called buzz

porous straight so this is the place

where the black sea meets the

Mediterranean Sea now this place lies in

the city of Istanbul which is one of a

city in Turkey and the best part about

this place is that you could actually

see the western side if you are standing

in the city of Istanbul which is on the

eastern side so we can say that this

place is also the place where the east

meets the West I mean this region is

like so close that you can literally see

the land at the other side of the sea

and the third sea is the Red Sea which

is that the southeastern side of the

Mediterranean Sea this C also lies in

between the region of Africa and Middle

East and the famous Swiss canal is built

on the sea which connects the

Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea or by

the way Swiss canal is an artificial

waterway and the British took this way

while coming to India because during

that time British had control over Egypt

and the Swiss canal was very beneficial

for the British now we're going to read

about some of the trade routes on the

Mediterranean Sea now if you look at the

map the Mediterranean Sea is located at

the center of three continents so it is

efficient for trade it is mostly useful

to the eastern countries to transport

goods from Asia throughout Europe in

general there are three different trade

routes and that is through the Pacific

the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean

now the Pacific sea route is taken

while the transportation is to be done

in the countries of North America and

South America but then to reach the

European region the Indian Ocean and the

Atlantic Ocean is the best route so

usually what happens is the ship will go

in a southern direction from China then

it will go to the Indian Ocean and then

it will reach the Cape of Good Hope in

Africa and then the ships can set

direction whether they want to go to the

Western Europe or to the east coast of

the United States to the Swiss canal the

Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea so if you

look at this map it is pretty

understandable that to go to the Western

European side you have to go all around

the African continent and then sail

towards the Western Europe but then if

you choose to go from the Swiss canal it

reduces a lot of time and then there are

a lot of major international boats that

are situated in the Mediterranean Sea

like the port of Algeciras in Spain it

is the largest port in the Mediterranean

and then we have the port of Valencia in

Spain and then we have port of Barcelona

in Spain and then there are a couple of

ports in Italy so a lot of industrial

and agricultural product is transported

to the rest of Europe through these

ports so you can understand how

important Mediterranean Sea routes are

in the next video we'll get to know

about the climatic conditions and some

of the local winds