the

Spinal Cord Injuries L1, L2, L3, L4, & L5 Vertebrae Explained. Symptoms, Recovery, Causes, Prognosis

[Music]

lumbar spinal cord injuries including l1

through l5 injuries to the lumbar spine

are severe but not always

life-threatening early treatment is

important to the prognosis the lumbar

spine is located in the lower back below

the cervical and thoracic sections of

the spine

it consists of five vertebrae known as

l1 through l5 these lumbar vertebrae

contain spinal cord tissue and nerves

which control communication between the

brain and the legs damage the lumbar

spinal cord subsequently affects the

hips groin and may impact the lower ab

no muscles in the thigh flex Ian's as

well lumbar spinal cord damage may be

complete or incomplete and may affect

one or both sides of the body as is the

case with other spinal cord injuries the

completeness of spinal cord damage will

determine how severe the injury and

symptoms will be for the patient it is

also important to understand that the

lumbar vertebrae are much different than

the upper segments of the spine because

the spinal cord does not extend the

entire length of the lumbar spine l2 is

a lowest vertebral section that contains

spinal cord tissues after that point

nerve roots exit each of the remaining

lumbar levels beyond the spinal cord

injuries below this level at the l3 l4

and l5 vertebrae affect the hips and

legs and may cause numbness extending to

the feet

it may also harm the tip of a spinal

cord known as the caudal of Qui Nhon

which is a bundle of nerves and nerve

roots that innervate the lower lumbar

spine to the sacrum anatomy of the

lumbar spine

as a fetus vertebral sections directly

relate to the spinal cord segments as an

adult the spinal column grows longer

than the spinal cord and they no longer

relate to one another the spinal cord

ends around the l1 or l2 vertebrae

adults forming the conus medullaris the

horsetail shaped area which extends past

the conus modellers is the cauda equina

injury outlook injuries to the lumbar

spine are severe but not always

life-threatening early treatment is

important to the prognosis of lumbar

spinal cord damage patients with lumbar

spinal cord injuries can be independent

and care for their own mobility and

hygienic needs many patients are able to

maneuver around in their wheelchair and

may even be able to walk for short

distances weakness is the main issue

with patients who experience lumbar

nerve injuries so physical therapy is a

must in the recovery phase cauda equina

syndrome also known as SI es which is

often difficult to distinguish from the

similarly located conness modellers

syndrome affects the lumbar spine and is

considered a medical emergency SI es

affects the nerves of the lumbar spine

which may cause incontinence and

potentially permanent paralysis of the

legs patient symptoms may come on slowly

but once it is diagnosed it requires

immediate surgery symptoms patients with

lumbar spinal cord injuries may

experience paraplegia with functional

independence the need for manual

wheelchair for part-time or full-time

use ability to ambulate using braces or

other walking devices lack of control of

bowels or bladder causes of lumbar or

spinal cord injuries the most common

causes of spinal cord injuries at the

lumbar level are motor vehicle accidents

trauma Falls Worth defects degeneration

and osteoporosis treatment

current treatments available for spinal

cord patients with lumbar injuries

include drugs non-steroidal

anti-inflammatory drugs are used in

treating spinal cord injuries

the quicker these drugs are initiated

after injury the better the result for

the patient by reducing inflammation

around the spinal cord surgery surgical

decompression of the nerves and fusion

of the vertebrae are done to reduce

pressure around the spinal nerves and

fixate the spinal column around the

spinal cord injury therapy physical

therapy is done

to encourage the strength in the areas

that are affected by the spinal cord

damage as well as maintain function and

the non affected areas occupational

therapy is done to aid in patient aid

and aid the patient in learning to

function after spinal cord damage

damaging the spinal cord in the lumbar

region should leave the patient with

full upper body strength and mobility

although the use of a wheelchair may be

necessary these patients go on to live

fairly normal lives and are able to care

for most of their own needs lumbar

spinal cord injury patients may even go

on to drive to modified cars for

additional information please continue

reading spinal cord Comm