Chagas Disease, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

today's topic is Shaggy's disease Chagas

disease is an inflammatory infectious

disease caused by the parasite protist

Trypanosoma cruzi found in the feces of

the triad Amin bug or kissing bug

shaggers disease is common in Central

America South America and Mexico mainly

in rural areas where poverty is

widespread according to estimates about

8 million people in Central America

South America and Mexico have the

disease most of them do not know that

they are infected in 2015 shaggers

disease was estimated to result in 8,000

deaths the disease may be acute causing

a brief sudden illness or chronic

lasting for a long time

the shaggers disease also called the

american trypanosomiasis can affect

anyone and can later cause chronic heart

and digestive problems if left untreated

large-scale population movements mostly

from rural to urban areas of the world

have increased the geographic

distribution of Shaggy's disease rare

cases have been found in the southern

United States as well

causes Chagas disease is caused by the

parasite Trypanosoma cruzi which is

transmitted from a triad Amin bug these

blood sucking bugs get infected when

they ingest blood from an animal already

infected the trypanosome cruzi parasite

triad Amin bugs can be found in houses

made from mud straw and palm thatch in

the day they hide in crevices in the

walls or roof then come out at night to

feed on sleeping inhabitants passing the

parasite through their feces infected

bugs defecate after biting and feeding

leaving behind the parasite on the skin

the parasite can then enter the body

through the nose mouth eyes a cut or the

bite wound if it is accidentally

scratched or rubbed other modes of

infections include blood transfusion

accidental laboratory exposure

organ transplantation congenital

transfusion from a pregnant woman to her

baby consumption of uncooked foods

contaminated with feces from infected

bugs shaggy's disease is not contagious

and cannot be transmitted from person to

person or through casual contact with

infected human or animal however if an

infected breastfeeding mother has a

cracked nipple or blood in her breast

milk the milk should be pumped and

discarded until the nipple heals and

bleeding resolves symptoms in the acute

phase which lasts for weeks or months

symptoms may exist or may not when they

occur they are mild and include fever a


body aches eyelids swelling loss of

appetite swollen glands nausea diarrhea

or vomiting rash enlargement of your

liver or spleen swelling at the

injection site the symptoms that are

present in the acute phase usually

resolve on their own if left untreated

it may advance to the chronic stage in

the chronic phase symptoms may occur 10

to 20 years after the initial infection

they may include irregular heartbeat

sudden cardiac arrest abdominal pain or

constipation congestive heart failure

difficulty swallowing diagnosis and

treatment to make a diagnosis the doctor

will carry out a physical examination

questioning you about symptoms and any

factor that may put you at a high risk

of the disease a blood test can confirm

the presence of the parasite or the

proteins that your immune system creates

to fight the parasite in your blood this

is done if symptoms of a shaggers

disease is present additional tests may

be carried out if you are diagnosed this

is to determine whether the disease has

entered the chronic phase and caused

heart or digestive problems tests such

as electrocardiogram chest x-ray

abdominal x-ray upper endoscopy

echocardiogram treatment the goal of

treatment options is to kill the

parasite and manage symptoms in the

acute phase fda-approved Ben Snyder's

all may be a benefit this will be

prescribed by the doctor for children

ages 2 to 12 the doctor may also

prescribe nifer de mocks in the chronic

phase medications won't cure the disease

but may be offered to people under the

age of 50 to help slow down the

progression of the disease and its

complications additional treatment may

include medications a pacemaker or other

heart regulating devices surgery or even

a heart transplant for heart related

complications diet modification

medications corticosteroids

or even surgery for digestive related


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