the

Colon Pain Causes, Location and Symptoms

this video on : pain is brought to you

by health hype comm please note that

this video is not intended to replace a

medical consultation always consult with

your doctor about your symptoms it is

important to first understand what the

colon is the different parts of the

colon and where it is located the colon

is the last part of the digestive tract

it continues from the small intestine to

taper off at the rectum

the colon is spread throughout most of

the abdomen

it lies close to several other abdominal

organs such as the liver stomach gall

bladder spleen and small intestine

therefore it is often difficult to

isolate abdominal pain as arising from

the colon other symptoms must also be

considered before abdominal pain is

diagnosed as colon pain

the coiled mass at the center of the

abdomen is the small intestine as its

name suggests it is smaller in terms of

being narrower than the colon however

the small intestine is about four times

longer than the large intestine the

colon is the main part of the large

intestine

it starts at the cecum which continues

from the small intestine

attached to the cecum is a long thin

pouch known as the appendix from the

cecum the first part of the colon is

known as the ascending colon it

continues into the transverse colon then

the descending colon and finally the

sigmoid colon which ends at the rectum

two other important parts of the colon

are the sharp bends at each side the

bend at the right side is known as the

right colic flexure or hepatic flexure

with hepatic referring to the liver that

lies next to it the bend at the left

side is known as the left colic flexure

or splenic flexure since this lies next

to the spleen when identifying abdominal

pain it is important to locate where

this pain occurs the abdomen can be

broadly divided into four quadrants this

includes the right upper quadrant left

upper quadrant right lower quadrant and

left lower quadrant fluid from the small

intestine enters the large intestine and

begins its transit towards the rectum it

gradually becomes a semi solid mush and

then a soft solid which we refer to as

feces or stool

this movement through the colon and

transition from a fluid to solid is due

to two main processes first the tiny

muscles in the colon wall contract and

relax in a rhythmic fashion to push the

contents along second the colon

reabsorbs water from the fluid and mush

which causes it to become firmer this is

an important mechanism for the body to

conserve water there are many possible

causes of colon pain usually the pain

does not occur on its own but it is

accompanied by other symptoms like

diarrhea or constipation sometimes this

pain is not even due to any disease for

example in irritable bowel syndrome

there are episodes of abdominal pain

with diarrhea or constipation the exact

cause of IBS is not known

the pain is believed to be due to strong

contractions of the colon muscles

therefore in the past irritable bowel

syndrome was known as colon

constipation is a common condition and

can sometimes be severe in these cases

it can lead to complications like fecal

impaction where the feces or stool

becomes hard and obstructs the colon

inflammation of the colon is known as

colitis

it can arise for several different

reasons

injury infection toxins and an

interruption of the blood supply to the

colon are some of the possible causes of

colitis abdominal pain is one of the

main symptoms of colitis

inflammation of the appendix is known as

appendicitis it causes pain in the lower

right quadrant of the abdomen towards

the bellybutton

appendicitis should always be considered

a medical emergency

if the inflamed appendix bursts it can

lead to serious complications and even

death large amounts of gas are produced

by the bacteria in the colon this gas

along with swallowed air can sometimes

become trapped within the colon and

cause painful stretching of the colon

wall one debated condition that involves

trapped gases splenic flexure syndrome

this occurs in the sharp bend of the

left colic flexure pain is felt in the

left upper abdominal region and usually

relieved by passing gas as we get older

the walls of the colon can become

weakened sometimes abnormal pouches may

form in the colon wall these pouches are

known as diverticula most people with

diverticula do not have any symptoms

however if the pouch has become inflamed

then it is known as diverticulitis this

is a condition that is more often seen

in older people

pain is a common symptom of

diverticulitis

inflammatory bowel disease or IBD is an

autoimmune condition where the immune

system attacks the colon wall and causes

inflammation there are two types of

inflammatory bowel disease Crohn's

disease which can occur anywhere in the

digestive tract or ulcerative colitis

which affects the Glenn specifically the

inflammation may be visible during a

colonoscopy and open source known as

ulcers may be observed there is an

increased risk of colon cancer in people

with ulcerative colitis colon cancer is

more correctly referred to as colorectal

cancer since the rectum is often also

affected it is among the top 5 most

common cancers in the United States as

well as among the leading three causes

of cancer related deaths among American

men and women with colorectal cancer

being so common it is important to spot

the signs and symptoms as early as

possible abdominal pain with changes in

bowel habit like diarrhea or

constipation as well as blood in the

stool and unintentional weight loss may

be signs of colorectal cancer people

with a family history of colorectal

cancer need to be cautious and undergo

regular screening early diagnosis and

treatment can greatly improve the

outcome these are only some of the

possible causes of colon pain please

visit the health hype dot-com website

for a more comprehensive list of causes

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