the

Canadian Shield Slideshow

hello everyone this is mr. van he merc

and i'm going to be talking to you about

the great canadian shield feel free to

pause this video at any time while

you're watching the canadian shield is

the largest geographic region of Canada

it covers on this half of Canada and

it's shaped like a big horseshoe and

here's what it looks like it covers

quite a bit of Canada almost all of

Quebec much of Ontario half of Manitoba

this little corner of Saskatchewan here

a piece of Alberta much of the Northwest

Territories and some of none of it

except we're gonna consider this a part

of the Arctic north there's also this

little section here this is called the

Hudson Bay lowlands and we're going to

include that as part of the Canadian

Shield even though it can be considered

a different region because it's a

lowland and whereas the Canadian Shield

is a high region this is what much of

the land looks like an Acadian Shield

it's very rocky it's a large rocky

surface with forests rivers lakes hills

and marshes and there's little fertile

land for agriculture that means not much

grows there what a pine trees grow there

though so it is quite a bit of forestry

what did the land in the east and

southern parts of the region is high

above sea level the northern half of the

shield has lots of tundra that's frozen

land which is soil mix of water which

stays frozen most of the year

water covers a quarter of the Great

Canadian Shield service we looked at a

map you can see thousands of lakes and

much of this water is in low-lying

regions that becomes marshes and bogs

this is called a muskeg the water has

nowhere to drain a muskeg is very moist

and cannot hold much weight so the

railway could not be built through this

area it was built instead right along

the Great Lakes major cities in the

Canadian region Churchill Manitoba is

right by Hudson Bay and it's the polar

bear capital of Canada Sudbury this is a

place where they have this giant nickel

because they mine a lot of nickel it's a

mining city Ottawa is also in the

Canadian Shield just in the very bottom

it's the capital of Canada cities like

Thunder Bay which you could also

consider to be part of the Great Lakes

region because it's right on Lake

Superior aqualia t' capital none of it

and Yellowknife

Thunder Bay is located right north of

the Great Lakes

there are many provincial parks around

that area and also other areas of Acadia

shield such as a Goguen and polar bear

Sudbury like we said is the nickel

capital of Canada Yellowknife there are

some pictures the qual yet capital of

Nunavut like we said people go north to

see the Northern Lights

these areas are also known for their

soap stone carvings by the Inuit

personal CDs sculptures there of do you

see you can see the soap stone carvings

plus you can see these this little nook

duck Churchill Manitoba like we said was

a polar bear capital of the world many

tourists go there just to see the polar

bears and here they use Tundra buggies

with big wheels because it doesn't

damage the tundra and many people again

come to see the Northern Lights Lakes

Hudson and James Bay form an important

bridge to the natural resources the

northern Great Lakes are part of the

Canadian Shield and there are thousands

and thousands of lakes

there's Great Bear Lake Great Slave Lake

Lake Athabasca Lake Winnipeg all shared

with the Canadian Shield and the

interior planes there on the border

the climate while it's far up north so

it's very cold in the winter summers are

very short but they're warm Hudson Bay

is frozen from December until late June

even in the summer the surface water is

close to freezing you can't go swimming

there on Great Slave Lake the ice can be

a meter thick that's heavy enough for

20,000 kilograms in the South the

winters are still cold there's lots of

wind and heavy snowstorms summers are

often hot and dry the region is known

for having many forest fires these fires

are actually good for the forest because

it proves the forest releases nutrients

in the soil and allows more sunlight to

come into this area August is the

rainiest month in this region so maybe

you don't want to go camping there after

all wildlife there are many different

mammals such as caribou deer moose bear

and wolf they're a bit birds of prey

such as the owl - eagle the vulture and

also many songbirds and with so many

lakes there are also many different fish

that's a sportsman's paradise mining is

one of the biggest resources in the

Canadian Shield many mining towns

throughout northern Quebec and Ontario

Ontario minerals include gold silver

nickel and copper Sudbury like we said

is the one of the largest nickel

producers it's also a leading producer

of copper diamonds have been found in

the Northwest Territories

tourism is another resource more of a

human resource but also a natural

resource you can go there and do things

like fishing skiing biking hunting

camping and canoeing they also produce a

lot of hydroelectric power because of

all the rivers that they have running

through the canyon shield much like we

do here in BC the Quebec is Canada's

largest producer of hydroelectricity and

much of this electricity is sold to the

United States there many forests in the

south there's a lot of forestry but

there's not very many huge trees because

the soil is poor and that is the end of

our presentation I hope you learned

something about the Great Canadian

Shield