Indus river and its tributaries - Geography UPSC, IAS, NDA, CDS, SSC CGL

in this video we are going to learn

about the Indus River and it's

tributaries I'm going to show you the

exact place of their origin to the place

where their drain and also in between a

few important places where they reverse

pass by just to give this video some

structure the time stamps are available

in the description if you want to skip

over and save some time please do that

first we will look at the route of the

main river which is the Indus River the

Indus River originates in the Tibetan

Plateau near lake monster over as you

can see it is within the jurisdiction of

China this is also the place where you

will find the famous Mount Kailash which

is considered as the home of Lord Shiva

and it is a holy and sacred site of the

Hindu religion the Indus River rises

from Mansur over Lake which is more than

5,000 meter above the sea level the

river flows northwest and enters in the

Ladakh region of India from a place

called demchoke you need to understand

that here is the Karakoram range and

here is still Ladakh range

after entering India Indus River flows

in between Karakoram and Ladakh range

but more closer to the Ladakh range at a

place called dumpty the river takes a

sharp Southwest tone and cuts through

the Ladakh range and then takes a not

western coast and continues to flow

towards the leh region of Ladakh along

the Ladakh range after reaching lay the

river continues the northwestern course

and reaches the town of batalik which is

in the Kargil district now this is an

important place it has been a focal

point in all indo-pakistani wars because

of its strategic location between Kargil

lay and Baltistan and it was also the

main battleground during the 1999 Kargil

war that's how the Kargil district

became the de facto border or we can

call the military border or the line of

control between India and Pakistan

now the Indus River enters into the

distant region through the city of

sackadoo and continues to flow not west

towards the city of Gilead upon reaching

the city of gilgit the river takes a

South Bend and then turns a vest and

then fully enters the Northwest Frontier

Province of Pakistan which is called

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in about eighty two

hundred kilometers now here is the nanga

parbat the height of this mountain is

around eight thousand 126 metres above

the sea level you can imagine a lot of

water from glaciers run down and joins

the Indus River and not just this

mountain the Indus River gets its water

supply from the melting of snows and

glaciers of many mountains of the

Karakoram range the river then takes a

south western coast and continues to

flow across the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

province it then flows through the plain

in western and southern Punjab province

of Pakistan the river continues to head

towards the Sindh province of Pakistan

in cynth province the river accumulates

a lot of sediments and forms the Indus

River Delta before draining into the

Arabian Sea now that we have seen the

main route of the Indus River let's look

at the principal territories of the

river Indus as we know there are five

tributaries let's look at each one of


the first one is Chalam now Jhelum River

originates from the valley NOC spring in

an internal district of Jammu and

Kashmir the river then flows

northwestern direction towards the

capital city of Srinagar after passing

through Srinagar it flows into Voula

Lake so here is de volalle Lake here is

Srinagar and here is Dal Lake the river

then flows in the western direction and

heads towards the para mula district of


after passing through para mula it

crosses the town of Uri this place

should remind you of something in about

ten kilometer to the west of Uri the

line of control with Pakistan starts

the river then enters into Pakistan

Occupied Kashmir which is also called

pyaar ki the river then passes through

the village of jakku T which is in P Oki

and flows west towards the city of

Muzaffarabad from Muzaffarabad the river

takes the south direction and enters in

the mainland Pakistan from male port

district in P okie the river then flows

southwest and joins the river Chenab in

Chang district of Punjab province in

Pakistan in about 250 to 300 kilometres

the river Chenab joins the Indus River

at Matan court further as we know the

Indus River continues and drains into

the Arabian Sea the second river is

chain up now river Chenab originates

from Lahaul and Spiti Valley of Himachal

Pradesh this region is covered with snow

ball mountains and it is part of middle

Himalayas so naturally melting of snow

and glaciers from these high snow

mountains will give rise to streams and

reverse the river Chenab

is also called as Chandrabhaga because

it is formed after the merging of two

streams the Chandra and the pakka the

Chandra stream originates from the south

near to pin Valley National Park and the

paga stream originates from north near

chispa and joins Chandra River near


together these two streams or small

length rivers form the river Chenab and

makes it flow towards northwest

direction for about 130 kilometres when

it crosses the pungi Valley before

entering to bother area of thoda

district of Jammu province in Jammu and

Kashmir state after reaching Bandicoot

in Kishtwar district of Jammu region the

river flows in the south direction for a

distance of 34 kilometers uproot a tree

and then takes a westward course and

flows across the Ramban district of J&K

for about 70 kilometres in the Ramban

district river Chenab turns

Wester direction and flows towards the

down of a or in the Jammu district

of J&K

the river continues the southwestern

course for about 25 to 30 kilometers

thereafter it enters into Sialkot the

district of Punjab province of Pakistan

further it flows for about 300

kilometers in the Punjab province of

Pakistan and in near the Chang district

river Jhelum joins the chain up in about

250 to 300 kilometers the river Chenab

joins the Indus River at Merton court

further as we know the Indus River

continues and drains into the Arabian

Sea the third river is Ravi now this

river originates from the Himalayan

mountains in bara Bengal in the jumbo

district of himachal pradesh at first it

flows in the northwest direction and

passes through the town of Champa then

it takes the western course after

flowing for about 20 kilometers the

river turns southwest and enters into

the northern part of Punjab in the

patent code district now here the river

becomes a source of the Ranjit Sagar Dam

Lake the river continues to flow

southwest after that it flows across the

border of India and Pakistan after that

the river continues to flow along the

india-pakistan border for approximately

hundred kilometres the river then enters

the city of Lahore from Lahore the river

flows south west for about 280 to 300

kilometres and joins the river Chenab in

about 250 to 300 kilometres the river

Chenab joins the Indus River at


and the Indus River continues and drains

into the Arabian Sea the fourth River is

B us it originates in the upper

Himalayas from the BR school near Solan

Valley in Himachal Pradesh the river

starts off heading towards the south and

passes through the town of Manali

after that it passes through the town of

Kalu the river continues to flow

South for about 25 kilometers and then

takes a Weston course it continues to

flow west for another 20 kilometers

until it reaches bondo atom which is

atom on the bias River from here the

river takes the northwestern turn and

continues to flow for about 10

kilometers and then takes a Western turn

to reach the district of Mundi after

reaching Mundi the river again continues

to flow Northwest and heads towards the

town of Na down in her Milford district

of himachal pradesh from here it again

takes in northwestern course in about 25

kilometers you will come across the

madonna pratap sagar dam which is built

on the piazza river the river then

continues to flow north west along the

Himachal and Punjab border for about 40

kilometres it then enters into Punjab

from the hoshii our port district it

then reaches the capital our district

where it joins the river SATA lodge at

the haruki wetland and the fifth river

is SATA lodge this river originates in

the Tibet region of China it is actually

an extension of the river lankan Zambo

or in other words Lankan Zhang Bo

reverse the main source of the rivers at


and if you see Lankan Tsangpo River

originates somewhere from the Mount

Kailash near monster over this river

enters India from Ship kalapas as soon

as it enters India it becomes the river

SATA lodge the river then takes a

southwestern course on reaching the

village of Chapa which comes under the

Shimla district of himachal pradesh

Shimla is just 15 kilometer to the south

of this place here you will also find

the Java hydroelectric plant which is

built on this Atlas River now this power

station was built by the British to

supply electricity and water to Shimla

anyhow on reaching Java the river

changes its course to read northwest


and flows in that direction for about 40

kilometers on reaching the village of

Burma no in bilaspur district of

himachal pradesh the river turns in the

southwest direction and flows for about

25 kilometers that fail again the river

turns Northwest here the river SATA

lodge is held by the famous Bhakra dam

the dam forms the Gobin Sagar reservoir

now this area's just 15 kilometer away

from the Himachal Punjab border the

river then enters the state of Punjab

from the town of Naugle in the Roop

nagar district of Punjab after crossing

the town of Nangal the river flows south

for about 60 kilometers and then it

turns west and passes through the

luciana district and reaches the haruki

wetland where the bias River joins this

at lunch the satellite River continues

to flow west for about 30 kilometers and

crosses the indo-pak border to enter

into the punjab province of Pakistan now

here the river meanders around the

indo-pak border and flows in the

southwest direction for about 120

kilometers after that the river enters

fully into the Abbeville nagar district

which lies in the southeast region in

the punjab province of Pakistan the

river continues the southwestern coast

and joins the river Chenab basically

first the river Jhelum joins the river

Chenab then the Ravi River joins

teaching up and at last the river satlak

joins D channel and China River as we

know continues further for about 250 to

300 kilometres and then it joins the

Indus River at Mathon court and further

as we know the Indus River continues and

drains into the Arabian Sea so this was

everything you had to know about the

Indus River and it's tributaries

I hope this video was informative and it

covered everything in a comprehensive

manner let me know your thoughts in the

comment section thanks for watching and

I'll see you in the next one