What is the Ileum

the eylem is the end part of the small

intestine it is extends from the jejunum

the middle part of the small intestine

to the beginning of the to the large

intestine the absorption of vitamin b12

and bile salts are among its most

important functions located in the lower

abdominal area

the IOM lies next to the duodenum and

jejunum which are the other two segments

of the small intestine in adult humans

the island is about 12 feet long and

stretches up to the eye Leo skill valve

which connects to the large intestine it

is held in the abdominal cavity by a

membrane called the mesentery and

receives blood supply from the superior

mesenteric artery and the arterial

branches the islet and performs some

vital functions

it helps assimilate bitumen b12 through

special receptors cells lining its walls

secrete enzymes that facilitate further

breakdown of proteins and carbohydrates

it is also the site of fluid and

electrolyte absorption the ilm reabsorbs

bile salts and thus helps maintain an

adequate level of bile salts for

digestion and absorption of dietary fat

in the small intestine the island wall

is composed of smooth muscle has a few

folds in it and typically is thinner

than the wall of the jejunum it's wall

is lined with projecting structures

called the villi and microvilli the

villi helps take up nutrients that's

become available through the digestive

process and conduct them to the

bloodstream and the liver peiresc

patches which are bundles of lymphatic

cells are located in the Ilia lining

these cells may be involved in body s

immune mechanisms the unabsorbed remains

from the digestive process passed on

from the island to the large intestine

the content moves forward through slow

muscular contractions or peristalsis the

Ilia scull valve which links the small

and large intestine keeps the undigested

content from flowing back

certain disorders such as Crone s

disease may affect the functioning of

this part of the small intestine

individuals afflicted with this

condition could develop inflammation in

the ILA room the condition may cause

abdominal pain diarrhea and weight loss

one could develop a bitumen deficiency

as the absorption of vitamin b12 in the

small intestine is affected if the ILA

room is considerably damaged the patient

may be recommended for surgery to remove

the diseased portion one of the problems

that could arise from this surgery is

that reabsorption of bile acids in the

small intestine is impaired as a result

the patient may suffer from diarrhea