Executive Branch

the executive branch presented by

citizen genius the three branches of US

government are the legislative executive

and traditional branches this video will

focus only on the executive branch the

executive branch is described in article

two of the Constitution its main role is

to enforce laws and it's led by the

president let's examine the president in

more detail the Constitution lists three

qualifications to be President a

president must be a natural born US

citizen be at least 35 years old and

live in the US for 14 or more years

these are the only constitutional

requirements a president does not need a

certain level of education or job

experience the president serves a

four-year term and has a two-term limit

the first president George Washington

set a custom of serving only two terms

subsequent presidents also limited

themselves to two terms until Franklin

Roosevelt was elected to four terms to

set a legal limit of two terms the 22nd

amendment was added to the Constitution

in 1951

the Electoral College is an indirect

system of electing the president in

which citizens vote for electors then

the electors vote for the president for

a more detailed examination of the

Electoral College please check out

another video while the president's main

role is to enforce laws the Constitution

also lists several specific powers of

the President

I'll give a few examples the president

is the commander-in-chief of the

military the President appoints

ambassadors to represent the u.s. in

foreign countries the president can

grant pardons if he or she feels as

though someone was wrongfully convicted

of a federal crime and the president has

the power to sign or veto bills passed

by Congress although Congress initiates

the lawmaking process by passing a bill

the president has the power to sign the

bill to make it a law or veto the bill

to stop it from becoming a law this

concept is explained in more detail in

another video

the Vice President serves under the

president the Constitution does not give

the Vice President any specific power in

the executive branch

so each president determines what his or

her vice-president does the vice

president is often referred to as being

a heartbeat away from the presidency

because he or she is the first in line

to take over if the president is unable

to perform the presidential duties

in addition to the vice president the

president gets assistance from three

groups within the executive branch that

were created after the Constitution was

written let's examine each individual in

the cabinet which is also known as

executive departments exists to advise

and help the president carry out

policies George Washington created the

first four departments and other

presidents have added more there are

currently 15 departments the Department

of State was created first followed by

the Department of Treasury and so on

through the list

the executive office of the president

was created by Franklin Roosevelt in

1939 and it has been enlarged by other

presidents I will mention just a few

positions within the executive office of

the president the chief of staff

supervises the executive office of the

president and determines who gains

access to the president the Office of

Management and Budget helps prepare the

federal budget and oversees its

administration in federal agencies the

National Security Council advises the

president on national security issues

and the press secretary is the

president's spokesperson

finally let's examine federal agencies

because there are so many it's difficult

to make too many generalizations

however it's safe to say that they have

greater independence than the cabinet or

executive office of the president and

the president has less direct control

over federal agencies here are a few

examples of prominent federal agencies

the Environmental Protection Agency

manages environmental regulations the

Securities and Exchange Commission

regulates bond and stock exchanges to

protect investors the Federal

Communications Commission oversees radio

television satellite and telephone

communications and the Central

Intelligence Agency gathers and analyzes

information concerning national security


this has been a short overview of the

executive branch presented by citizen