Jordan's Geographic Challenge

geordan lies in the heart of the Middle


surrounded by Israel Syria Iraq Saudi

Arabia and the Red Sea its northern

eastern and southern borders are a

result of early 20th century Imperial

politics as opposed to any discrete

topographical features most of Jordans

6.5 million inhabitants live in the

northern segments of the Jordan Valley

and the adjacent highland plateaus which

is the country's core Jordans three

biggest cities Amman Ear bid and zarqa

are all located in this area the Fertile

east bank of the Jordan River is

responsible for most of a mons

agricultural production most of the rest

of the country is desert containing

portions of both the Syrian and northern

Arabian deserts Jordans primary

Geographic challenge is its lack of

Natural Resources and managing its

diverse population it depends on

imported oil and natural gas though it

is a significant exporter of phosphates

potash and fertilizers over half of

Jordans population is made up of

Palestinian Arabs while native

Jordanians are descendants of the

Bedouin tribes historically from the

region in addition hundreds of thousands

of Syrian and Iraqi refugees live in the

country as well as pockets of Sirk

Asians Armenians and Assyrians

despite as artificial borders and dearth

of natural resources Jordan has been

relatively stable since its founding in

1946 fostering strategic relationships

with countries such as Israel Saudi

Arabia and the United States but this

stability is a delicate balance and the

country faces a constant uphill battle

against its geographic constraints