The Arctic Circle Is Losing A Country (All Arctic Countries)

hello I'm to camp welcome back so a

second channel jewelry video this is M

serious way to talk about drug free and

the world and stuff and today Onis talk

about the Arctic Circle

because when the Arctic is brought in TV

shows and movies and such it's usually

just referred to very vaguely and

generate without a fixed location is

just like oh yeah it's a faraway place

with cold stuff and you don't want to go

there because it's so far away in cold

and it's like the opposite of Antarctica

but the truth is although it is

generally cold in the Arctic and

although it is generally quite far north

the Arctic Circle is a precisely defined

region and it's not what you might

figure it's not defined by temperature

it's not defined by degrees of latitude

or being the opposite Antartica instead

the way the Arctic Circle is defined is

the point on earth where you've gone far

enough north where you officially have a

24-hour day and a 24-hour night the Sun

will rise for 24 hours in a rotor in the

summer and it'll set for 24 hours in a

row during the winter obviously in most

places in the Arctic it sets for a lot

longer and it rises for a lot longer

depending on your season that is how you

find where the Arctic Circle is which

means it's actually changing every

single year and in case you want to see

what it looks like right now here is the

Arctic Circle on a Makita stone map

flatmap thorn you were used to on this

map it's technically actually a

rectangle because that's what the map

does to the whole globe so if you

actually prefer this map technically

speaking it's the Arctic rectangle not

the Arctic Circle however for today's

video we're gonna be using the Arctic

Circle just to keep things a bit simpler

so yeah this is the Arctic Circle as you

can see it's defined as being a

circumference around the North Pole and

yeah there are eight countries which

have territory inside it right now there

is Russia there is no way there is

Finland Sweden Iceland Greenland which

is Denmark but it's a non sovereign

country within the Kingdom of Denmark so

you can say Denmark we can say Greenland

whichever one makes you happier then

we've got Canada then magar Laska eight

countries easy is that right and yeah

the interesting thing about this though

to me is like okay so there's an Arctic

Circle and it's defined as being a

circle only one use a globe which will

use the rest this video what about the

opposite of that if you go to the other

side of the globe is it still the Arctic

Circle or is there the Antarctic Circle

because you might have something about

the Antarctic Circle but it's a much

less interesting thing to me because

again this is the Arctic circus like all

this countries there's cultures there's

people's the Antarctic Circle looks like

this it is literally a ring roughly

drawn around Antarctica and yeah the

interesting thing about this is at the

ha Texaco is much colder than the Arctic

Circle generally speaking which is

already very cold which is why it pretty

much nothing lives there especially no

people so there's no cultures there's no

histories and even today although some

countries are allowed to claim their

there are very few countries that

actively enforce their claims and there

are very few countries who expect to get

any use from this in the next hundred

200 whatever years because Antarctica

right now is pretty much unusable

however the Arctic Circle which is again

kind of like the opposite of Antarctica

you don't realize when you look at a

flat map but like the earth is very

top-heavy which means there a lot of the

places you live right now would be very

cold on the opposite side the globe

interesting kind of fact there but that

means the lava the otic circle is

habited by countries you know and love

such as Russia Sweden Finland Norway

Iceland Greenland Canada the USA etc fun

fact I've been to all eh but let's talk

about those 8 countries because they

have a lot of interesting things in

common however I should mention it's

really seven countries we're talking

about because the first country on its

dive into is Iceland so Iceland is a

country with many famous things about it

although it's not very icy and it's sir

you know it's a fun fact about Iceland

but yeah basically

although Iceland technically has some

territory in the Arctic Circle like all

of these other countries where they have

a puppet

Iceland has the tiniest part of the

territory in the otic circle just their

furthest North Island it's called

grimsey is in the Arctic Circle and just

this island right here

grim sea is only about half in the

Arctic Circle if you live on the SAP

half the island where most the people do

actually live then you actually have

about 23 hours and 58 minutes of day in

the summer and a 23 hour 58 minute night

in the winter but that's not quite

Arctic Circle right now the otic circle

is about halfway up the island and

because the Arctic Circle moves every

single year if you cursed as to why that

is by the way it's not usually it's like

all global warming's coming to get you

in this case it's nicely to do glove

warming it's just a natural the earth

tilts very slightly by about a degree

change every 20,000 years and right now

it's tilting in a way that moves the

Arctic Circle north slightly by a few

meters every single year so by about

2050 or so in about 30 years none of my

son's territory will be covered by the

Arctic Circle which means that there's

going to be seven countries in the

Arctic Circle so we mostly won't talk

about Iceland today because I mean like

literally it's like one island it's an

interesting enough island they have

about 80 people living there and they

have a big interest in chess so at one

point a random

American chess grandmaster just decided

to fund their own like crazy never went

there himself he was just like let's

give them a bunch of money and in his

will he left even more money for them so

they're all very grateful for that

also they recently voted to merge with

one of the larger cities nice land which

is just the south here

a key area I can't set correctly I'm

sorry if you're Icelandic I love you

really but yeah basically they decide to

merge together which is an inch and

little thing so that now the territory

of actuary technically includes this

island right here so yeah weird facts

about Iceland again I can talk about

Iceland all day but today it doesn't

really relate to the Arctic Circle so we

won't do it too much instead we'll talk

about the fact that the Arctic Circle

covers about a it's about 1 in 20 of the

world's area just alone so about 5% of

the world's surface it's closer to 4 but

you know 4 to 5% of the world's surface

is in the Arctic Circle this this area

right here is about 45% of the world's

area you know the area we can exist in

it's more than that if the world's land

area because there's a lot of ocean but

it's about the amount of shut the water

area but despite that only four million

people live there

and that might sound like about right

like ok 4 percent 4 million people that

sounds about great but then you consider

oh there's not 100 million people

there's over 7 billion people on earth

because that and that means that in this

area in 4% of the world's you know

surfaces there despite that on the less

than 1/10 of a percent of the world's

population lives there it's very very

very population

you know scattered to say the least and

yeah this means that every country has

one thing in common and that is very

unpopulated north's because countries

that have their territory in the offic

circle generally don't have much of

their population they have a lot of

territory there like Canada huge amount

Denmark you know the vast majority of

Denmark's land is actually in the Arctic


however despite that none of that let

not the vast majority population is not

in the Arctic Circle the vast majority

of anything country's population is well

well stuff of that and interestingly

enough this means that all of their

capital cities so if you look at

Helsinki Moscow Hakan Oslo in fact if we

look at the Scandinavian countries

they're all very - but all of their

capitals are very far south in fact

Helsinki is the furthest south and

Finland almost that you can get not

quite but almost and it actually is the

even though despite that it's the

furthest north city of over a million


seguro Helsinki fun fact for you right

there but then you look at our you know

calm Oh

Reykjavik even Greenland if you consider

it to be its own country even though

again within the king of denmark their

capital is still south of the Arctic

Circle despite most of Greenland's

territory being north

Canada's is very far south every single

one of these can even Alaska's you know

state capital Anchorage all of that I

think actually largest city let's say

for now but basically there are eight

cities eight capitals etc and they're

all very far south of the Arctic Circle

this is because countries have land

north of that again most of their people

don't live there their actual center you

know they're sending their geographic

center might be further north but their

population center the center of you know

their their whole system the whole

governmental system is all very far

south so just keep that in mind speaker

however despite the fact that most large

cities in most other countries are very

far south again look at Moscow st.

Petersburg and etc in Russia which is a

very fond off country look at Canada as

the best example all of their cities are

pretty much next to the border with the

USA despite that there are a couple of

cities in the Arctic or quite a few

they're just not very large with the

exception being the mask so you know how

I said roughly four million people live

you know north of the Arctic Circle

about ten percent of those live in one

city in Russia this one city right here

has a huge density of population it's

the big exception to the rule it gets a

lot warmer than the rest of the Arctic

Circle in latitude and it's one of the

farthest north cities of any size you

can find again it's a huge industrial

Russian city and if you want to see what

it looks like it looks like a normal

place you can't you can barely even tell

looking at just a random street view

just for an example you can barely even

tell looking at the place I mean this is

a bad example right but you can barely

tell looking at most of the place that

it is an Arctic City this just looks

like oh yeah this is Russia like is this

Moscow is this another major city no

this is Murmansk it's deep into the

Arctic Circle but with with this

exception which even then it's not

hugely deep into the circle all of the

large cities which have found north of

the Arctic are actually optical I should

say are all pretty you know small for

their size and still pretty fast now

again bear in mind that the Arctic

Circle does go you have that far north

you can see how like at the very edge of

that is where in elec cities like mance

girl like you know normo cities in

Alaska etc most people who live in the

Arctic Circle live just the

north of the border which is why another

major city Tromso again it's it's only a

little bit north of it the my up favored

example vote is one you'll find in in

Russia because again most of the larger

cities which are north of the Arctic

Circle are found in Russia and one of

the biggest examples in my opinion is

Nora Liske

so this is Nora Liske right here or no

risk again I'm not like I'm not a

Russian pronunciation genius hopefully

that's not what you came to this video

for if it is I'm sorry for you but if

you look at this city right here for

instance one there is a Lenin statue

which is a benefit we'd want to find and

two this is a very clear example of like

this is a city in the Arctic that was

built to be an Arctic powerhouse if you

look at it you can see it was literally

constructed and honestly yeah yeah as in

like it was very clearly designed it's

got a grid and everything like that and

yeah this is a good example of like a

prebuilt city which struggles in the

Arctic where as Murmansk is one which

does surprisingly well sing with tromsø

etc so yeah basically most settlements

in the Arctic Circle very far south and

not very populated in the grand scheme

of things and although a lot of people

live in these huge cities a huge

percentage of them do a lot of people

also live in very remote towns villages

etc if you look at resolute for instance

which is just a random place in Canada

this is one of the places that just

blows my mind is like oh wow some people

live there it exists this is the center

of civilization on the entire island

it's like a few shacks where you can go

and buy something I guess and then it's

pure wilderness off that you can

literally see the line where it's like

oh and then it's the wild and because

the the villages the settlements are so

small and so far apart it means there's

pretty much no infrastructure this more

north and I mentioned in my video

talking about how like Oh yesa Kenda has

bad transport this reason it's not just

because it's not really feasible to you

know have a good link to you know

resolute on this side and right here

it's not just because it's not really

feasible in terms of the economics to

have a huge highway going from you know

all the way north in Alaska to all the

way south it's not just for practical

reasons they don't do it it's because

you know first sorry for theoretical

reasons it's also practically very hard

to build this bond North the permafrost

goes up and down it makes it hugely

difficult to construct anything up here

which is why everything you see this

barn off looks like kind of a mess so

let's take another example one of my

favorite just questionable cities which

is Barrow Alaska it has

second name which is used in Google Maps

encash Kuras they had a referendum on

changing it and it was a that's a whole

thing so they change their name back to

the native people name so I can't say it

cuz look at that look at this

combination of characters together can

you say utq IA g Vic

you took Vic ID enough anyway that said

so they change their name recently but

Barrow Alaska is but you probably know

it as if you know your cities in Alaska

and this is a city which one blows my

mind that it exists so if we go onto

just a random street view of it it's

like oh so yeah it's look at everything

around here you can see how everything's

built differently the every car is built

differently you know it's like a

different type of car all the way if

their life is so hugely different in

terms of what they can economically get

available to them and how they have to

live their life than what the house has

looked like but yet so much is still the

same despite the fact that it's one of

the most northern Lisa I think it's the

most northern set up settlement in

America despite that fact there is still

a Japanese restaurant I looked into this

particular once I was like a sucker

restaurant is that really a Japanese

restaurant yeah it's Japanese restaurant

set up by Korean immigrants to America I

don't know why Koreans would emigrate to

this far north in Alaska and then set up

a Japanese restaurant I cannot wrap my

head around why that's the case

or why that's a thing but it is a thing

there is so many things up here well you

know there's a bank there is a fertile

there's a pizza shop despite it being a

really harsh place where if you go

outside in the winter at just the wrong

time and you forget your keys and you

can't go back in your house you'll

freeze to death in the outside you have

minutes to get to the colder you know

it's it's deadly it is not just harsh to

survive economically it's harsh to

survive on a physical level but there's

a Mexican Grill here there's a it's it's

um it to me singing at a pub less place

but like this but free pass in

population no roads in or out the only

things that get to them because there's

no even really practical ice access is

you know Plains despite that people kind

of fried and still live like normal

there and I find that just be hugely

fastening that despite the Arctic Circle

again I mentioned it's not based on

climate but generally speaking is very


despite that people managed to make it

work and it's just like another thing

we're like you know how some people come

you know are used to living in places

where it's always warm I think you know

California is the big stick

I love this rust it's warm all year

round it sometimes gets less warm or

more warm but it's always warm there I

live somewhere where there's about 15

degrees of temperature variance between

like a normal summer day and normal

winter day and that's really low

parently compared to the urban average

some people live in places where you

have like a huge hundred degrees spread

there are places in the optic that can

be as hot as 30 degrees in the the

summer or as cold as minus 50 in the

winter in the same city in the same

place you have to deal with both of

those extremes and that is just a fact

of life for some people a small

percentage of the most population but it

is still a fact of life

and yeah I just find that pretty

interesting so the other facts we should

talk about well talking about the Arctic

is that the Arctic is a lot colder than

it should be sorry a lot warmer than it

should be the reason so many people live

in the Arctic 4 million compared to

literally you're measuring in the the

dozens for Antarctica and even then they

don't permanently live there they like

live on rotations no one really wants

live in Antarctica and does for any

non-essential reasons but a lot of

people live in the Arctic and that's

where they made their houses so how is

that the case and for the longest time

I've never understood how like people

always say like oh there's the Jetstream

and there's the oceans and they keep you

warm but actually the Arctic is kept

warm by the ocean and that seems weird

but because there is so much ocean here

that again

Antarctica is a permanent lab mess there

is no permanent landmass at the North

Pole there are stations there there are

things of flags in and so on and so

forth but there is no permanent ice on

the Arctic which means that there is

water there all times water always stays

I think the coldest it gets is like

minus 1 then it starts to freeze but

because there's so much water there

which isn't freezing that keeps

everything around it a lot warmer it's a

really weird effect which means that

effectively a lot of places which should

otherwise be entirely freezing managed

to survive that's why a lot of

northernmost last shoots in Europe for

instance are freezing on the upside of

you know in the North America and I find

that kind of fascinating I also find it

fascinating that again in North America

Europe Asia all have land

Northy otic circle but only antarctica

has land south of the Antarctic Circle

and also it's worth noting the Arctic

Circle and the struggle of how cold is

up there is one of the biggest problems

of I guess Russia so the reason again

one of the things that I think confuses

people a lot at first is like Russia

such a hard struggle to get Crimea let's

not focus on where it belongs to but

let's just say they really wanted Crimea

why would they even care so much by

having a port here it doesn't make sense

Russia has so much ocean why did they

never dominate the oceans why did they

never have a huge you know vast empire

which belong to them because they could

colonize the seas and that's because

most of their sea was not usable for

most of the year if it freezes in the

winter your ships can't go anywhere so

Russia mainly has two fleets they have a

pacific fleet which i think is based at

Vladivostok I'm not I'm not innately

aware of all the Russian military

tactics but I believe there the fleet

based in the Far East and they have a

fleet based in in the Black Sea over

here they that's the only places they

can actually base ships because even if

you ignore the fact that there's a huge

you have to go for so many countries and

pasta Denmark etc to get out from here

it freezes over here it freezes over all

the way up here most of Russia's sea

even though it has a lot of access some

of the most in the world freezes over

besides in the Black Sea which again

still has the turkey she's still with

and besides in the Far Far East which

they again in both sides they put a lot

of effort into getting Crimea that's why

there's a and - you put in getting this

area in general that's why there's the

whole Crimean War not the current one

the one hundred over a hundred years ago

on and they put a lot of effort into

getting Vladivostok during the world

wars and yeah that the reason for that

is because you know the Navy was

becoming more important and Russia

despite having some of the most see in

the world could not have a Navy because

of how you know that that their place is

so far north you don't unnecessarily

anticipate that but yeah it freezes up

here which is a problem and you might

not realize that but that's why Russia's

like that so more facts about each other

country because I just want to mention

that Russia one of the things they did

used to own that they don't anymore is

Russian America or Alaska so Alaska is

actually a piece of territory that

Russia sold to America if it weren't for

Alaska then there would be obviously no

America north of the Arctic Circle

Russia sold a part of there you know so

if we go back to the market just for fun

the poverty in America which is north it

was you know sold to them by Russia so

if it weren't for that sale they

wouldn't be not fair but why did Russia

sell Alaska to America because so many

people mock this on a like on a daily

thing like oh yeah we boy up for like I

think it's eight million dollars or


and we're making that investment payback

but at the time it was like hugely

unpopular in America to buy Alaska it

was seen as like wasting money just

giving money to Russia and on the

Russian side of things they didn't want

it they really was sure because the

British were expanding in North America

at the time you can see how much

territory they ended up with but yeah

basically you know like Russia was sure

that eventually Britain would just take

their stuff and they wouldn't really be

able to defend it too well so they

figured sell it to America or lose it

it's the same thing with the Louisiana

Purchase like you know one of the hugest

purchases in American history they the

French sold it because they were sure it

would be taken eventually and they

needed the money for other things

same with Russia needed money had

territory they thought would be invaded

and that's why these deals make place

it's not it's not that some terrible

tactician and Russia was just like yeah

it was Russian America good for anyway

right it's it's that's not how these

things come about geopolitical interests

change a lot 150 years and that's why I

expect the optic will change a lot to

one Greenland is a country which is very

likely to eventually go independent it's

it's currently not sufficient in the

slightest because they have fishing and

not too much more as an industry most

their money has come from Denmark

however despite that they have a huge

nationalist movement and again they

really don't want to be a part of

Denmark so at some point it's likely

that they'll go independent again i

knows what that point is maybe the same

time Iceland leaves so we'll likely see

the power of balance shift but again

Green Line will never be a major power

just kind of like a huge Arctic player I

guess by itself and yeah it's also worth

noting that Canada all of its land that

is in the Arctic Circle is owned by

Canada as a whole not by any specific

province and it's also very very very

unpopulated again there are settlements

here like resolute like I mentioned

Polaris and my favorite one is a lot

this is the northernmost partly settled

place in the earth I want to say but

yeah a lot it's just a place where five

people live for Canadian military

purposes it's it's one the craziest like

this is what it looks like this is the

northernmost settlement it's a few

houses and I don't know when all that is

covered in snow and that's it so anyway

I could talk about the optical day I

love cold places I find them fascinating

like I said I've actually been to all of

the countries in the Arctic Circle but

I've never been

north of that circle like I think on

flights I've gone maybe potentially and

I'm not sure but I've never been to any


Northy optic circle so at some point I'm

gonna go to my I mean I've inter I mean

be very close but I'd love to go to

tromsø sometime I think that's the most

accessible Arctic City so that's the

thing though I think I'd recommend

because I've looked into a whole bunch

like it's always been on the list but

there's no flights from London director

there you have to go live I like Oslo

and I hate connecting flights in Europe

because they seem a bit of her I I don't

usually do connecting flights unless

there's like some fun reason to so yeah

anyway that's that's why Tromso is like

on the list and like I guess I'll show

you when I first go to the otic circle

but before I go though because I I want

to talk about the artisan more like I

said I like cold places could do it all

day but there's one big question that's

been on my mind so again I generally

speaking this is how I would find my

beliefs I like to look at evidence first

and then try and work out the faction

there a lot of people respond to my

Canada transport video by saying ah you

see as an ardent communist this is why

all of this is wrong I'm gonna try and

justify this really backwards Lee if

like or really we should form more money

into it and make it more expensive it's

like well but yes um I'm not that sole

person so here's a few things in the

Arctic I can't quite linked together so

every single country which has some to

its territory is generally very

left-leaning politically the one

exception to this is of course Alaska

Alaska is a red state in a very

conservative country of the US however

it's worth noting the Republicans in

Alaska aren't the same as the rest of

the country also worth noting that they

have the Alaskan Independence Party at

one point so politics in Alaska is very

very strange and also worth noting that

Alaska is one of the few places in the

world which has a ubi a universal basic

income and it's not phrased as a UPI

it's not like oh this is so you don't

have to work like in a lot of countries

that is it's just oh yeah you live in

Alaska and it's hard here so have a

bunch of money on us

I think it's paid for by all maybe well

maybe it's just one of those fascinating

things that like you know all of these

countries are quite left-leaning

Alaska's are maybe exception but it's

still not really Russia a few people

will say it's an exception but I mean

they literally have the Soviet

revolution you know one of the very few

countries on earth and even today where

Putin's and sure

and you can argue he's not left it's

like the second largest party in Russia

is the Communist Party if if Putin Falls

the Communists are taking over again you

know so you know there's like every

country is very left-leaning politically

speaking they're also very well-off

economically with Russia being the huge

exception although even then on a global

scale Russia does quite well all of the

countries even the ones about oil

because Norway has a bunch of oil of

course yeah right that's the easiest

thing but like you know Sweden Finland

Iceland Denmark Canada and America all

very very high income countries with the

Nordics being particularly high and then

the other thing is the fact that all of

these countries have very very poorly

developed north and a lot more territory

than most countries so the first largest

country is north the Arctic Circle the

second largest country also North the

third largest country also North

depending on how you want to measure

that China's not but it's the biggest

exception in the top four they're all

very large countries my fear that one

alone would be like okay they can easily

get their borders because if you claim

land in the Arctic that no one's claimed

before no one's gonna go there and

refute you because it's so cold and no

one what's the general ego that's

collected so Sweden Norway and Finland

much bigger than most Central European

countries Russia biggest country I mean

what more do I need to say about

Greenland Canada and America so yeah

lots of land lots of money left-leaning

politically I don't think necessarily

the hope you will be like a left-leaning

means make money right but they're

left-leaning in like the business

friendly way so it's not like a you know

your traditional Venezuelan dream or

whatever your actual dream is so there's

this like there's this whole thing of

like how do those things link together I

don't know for sure I I would love to

know your conclusions again please don't

do this thing where you're like here's

my political beliefs let me wrap my

facts around this because I see so much

of that let me know if you have a good

fear about that because it's one of

those things that I think about a lot

like trying to work it out and I don't

think I have an answer for you because

there are parts of the world where

they're very they have a lot of the same

features but they're not in the Arctic

again if you're left-leaning politically

in enough par of the world and you're

not in the Arctic Circle there's a lot

of countries doing horrific aliy from

that a lot of countries which have a lot

of land area in other parts of the world

you know I mean look in Algeria or the

DRC or whatever not great doing you know

because it's the similar thing so yeah

what do you

logic is let me know comments down below

but for now second channel don't care