Arabic Alphabet and Pronunciation, Long Vowels: ا و ي

now we are going to learn long vowels

it's very fun and very interesting to

learn the long vowels because this is

actually to me this is actually to me it

in my opinion it's the hardest lesson to

understand because you would understand

why but once you you get it and you get

the tricks how you can understand it

then that's it the rest is simple and

easy and nothing to worry about it would

be just like drinking water and so we

have three long vowels three long vowels

to remind you I said a lot of hours long

vowels or whether short vowels they both

play a role of changing the sound of the

consonant they give life to the

consonant they give them sounds okay so

the basic sounds are up oh and eight and

short vowels we have fat held um make

Astra and in long vowels we have long

vowel ah which looks like this stick

long vowel oh looks like the wall and

long vowel e looks like yeah if you

remember when I interest you introduce

the letter yeah and the letter wall I

said they play two roles one as a

consonant and one has a long vowel when

I say consonant constant all the pronoun

the letters that we could pronounce

along with vows okay but bowels by

themselves they cannot be pronounced

without a consonant you understand like

they cannot be like settles from each


so we have long vowel ere long vowel ooh

and long vowel e it's not well and it's

not here

don't confuse that so and I would like

to say what is a long bout non-volley in

Arabic is called hadith long vowel one

is half and lit okay if just in case

you're half and if you are interested to

know what's the meaning okay it's up to

you and you can always refer to the book

one in this lesson we write all the

introduction and all the definition of

each word

so anyway what you need to know is what

are they ah-ooh

II had fell lightly Alice this is Ellis

did this is Wow and this is yeah three

long vowels so what they do

what is the role how they affect the

consonant and the second question that

you are the spinning in your mind right

now is oh my god how I am going to

differentiate between Wow and yeah as a

consonant and as a long vowel that is

simple don't worry we're going step by

step okay nan powers f3 ah ooh these are

the sounds and their names are Ellis

wall and yep so let's see if we have

letter but how it would sound when it's

connected to long vowel so bad Fattah is

short vowel ba with the long vowel air

becomes bear bear

let us think about short vowel and long

bow short vowel they give shorter

extension between one letter and another

and long vowel they giving longer

extension so from browsing the first

content to the second consonant when you

have a long vowel in between it takes

longer extension so Bab rather if I have

Bertha top bar then it becomes Bab okay

shut up longer so but bear then we have

boo boo and B B I can write all of them

but I don't have much space to show you

all of them will do it will do the drill

at the end however is what I need you to

recognize is the sound but good fat half

and I will not bow book and boo bit and

B I am sure you have heard if you listen

to some Arabic songs to movies if you

have lived in Arabic country I'm sure

you have learned or you have heard the

long vowels like Beirut Lebanon

Surya so all of these sounds are what

these are long vowels when it wants you

here longer extension it's a long boat

we go now to the second point so this is

here is a long bow okay I'm saying Bab

now if I have the content here that I

promised back what is the short vowel

that it should take in your mind you

will think saying well there is a long

vowel I should the letter the constant

before should not take anymore a another

vowel but in fact it is not true it

doesn't matter if you have a long bow

the concept has to take a short vowel

but the condition here falls on the

consonant by forcing it to take the

short vowel that matches the sound of

the long vowel do you understand what I

mean so if you have a long vowel in here

that means that this long vowel and here

is going to force the letter before the

consonant before to take the short vowel

that matches its sound what matches the

long vowel ah we said what are the basic

three sound is up so it has to take

huh and then let's say we have the long

vowel ooh take another example

ooh so this is letter regime and don't

Bowl oh the long power and ever we have

a long vowel in world the long haul will

force the letter before to take the

short vowel that matches its sound okay

you get what I mean

so this is the long vowel oh the letter

before has to take dummy and the last

example is with E

B so here is the long vowel don't worry

about long vowel and turn right this end

right in here

and the letter before has to take the

short vowel that matches the the yeah

sound which is cast on so we get here to

a conclusion the long vowel up the long

vowel forces the letter before to take

FATCA long vowel ooh

forces the letter before to take down a

long vowel e forces the letter before to

take Shastra there is no other way you

cannot think about other way or maybe

there is another one no there is a long

vowel it has to take the content before

the short vowel that matches its sound

and we have three sounds basic sounds we

have up o and E and these are what we

put the vowels like we extend that the

boers we have short vowels and longboats

now the second point so I explained that

yes if you have a long bound the letter

before has to take the short vowel that

matches itself Bab Juche and then the

example that I erase is beep why why we

need or why the long ball needs a short

vowel that matches it sound that are

preceding it because in order to launch

the sound of the long vowel it needs to

start on the previous consonant the

sound otherwise they are not wired

together so if there is a the launching

it's like an airport taking off the

airplane so the sound is going to start

from the letter before in here we have

the bug it starts with the FATCA bear if

it's not here matching the sound of the

long vowel then definitely this is not a


okay it has to match long vowel are with

fat half long vowel o dummy before to

launch the sound of the long vowel do

you understand this point it's very

important and now we get to the last

point which is how we can differentiate

between a long vowel and a consonant we

have two of the long of the long bones

that they play a role as a consonant

okay we are talking about ooh and E or

letter wall and letter yeah okay the

reason we call it letter because a

letter could be constant and a long

vowel but constant once you say constant

is just a consonant okay and what's the

difference we have Wow

and yeah whoa and yeah the same thing in

here Wow and yeah whoa and yeah okay so

what is that of course we have the long

vowel air or Elif but you don't need to

worry about that because it's not

conflicting with a consonant so it

doesn't have another goal okay over

we're going to get through this later

again the first point that you need to

know is what is the nature of concept

consonants are by nature when you write

them they can be located they can be

located in all the parts of the world so

beginning we're talking about beginning

middle and

okay so if you have letter yeah this is

how it looks like at the beginning and

it looks like in the middle and looks

like at the end and you have wall at the

beginning and then in the middle and at

the end okay you have them all the time

beginning middle end that's not the


consonants can be located and at the

beginning middle and end but when we

were talking about vowels long vowels

specifically it has to have support the

support comes from support to be

pronounced the supports come from work

from a consonant and the concept has to

come before the long board to be

pronounced okay which means that they

never long vowels they never start a

word or they cannot ever be at the

beginning of a word so what we have

remaining we have never beginning here

I'm going to write beginning it's never

mid yes and end yes okay so the what's

the difference here we eliminate the

first option which is beginning once you

see them in the beginning that is a

consonant it's not a lot about we have

middle and end the second point to know

about to know like how to differentiate

if you learn how to differentiate

between a long vowel and a consonant is

that I said it already each consonant

has to take one short vowel no matter

what okay one short vowel but so each


in a world has to take let's say they

critical marks and they created curl

marks okay but long vowels are vowels so

they can not take vows do you understand

this point so if we have in the middle

so we're not only now at the beginning

we're talking about middle and end if we

have a word that has in the middle yeah

with the fat ha or wha will they dump me

that is definitely not a long vowel long

vowel cannot take a short vowel they are

the same nature this is about this is

about so they cannot take a vowel but

they give to the letter before its own

sound the sound that matches their

nature ok so they never so that's why

when you see any word like wood like

this ok and there is no vowel on that

elephant here I give now a left but the

suppose E ok and you don't see any vowel

on it that is that means that it's a

long bow another hint another hand this

is beep and another hand to know that

this is a long vowel is once the letter

before takes the vowel that matches they

yeah or the wall or the Elif that's a

very quick hint to show you like this is

a long vowel pronounce it e or pronounce

it or pronounce it ah ok so these are

the two most important points that's how

we differentiate between consonants and

I'm going to say it one more time the

confusion here falls because into the

idea of the letter as well and yeah

because they play two roles okay as in

consonant and as a long vowel now when

it comes to reading to hearing you can

hear it but to reading sometimes we have

short vowel so we have vowels sometimes

we don't have so there are a couple of

hints and couple of ways you can

differentiate and it helps you

differentiate between them okay to be

able to read it properly the first one I

said once you see it at the beginning

you never think it's a long road it's a

it's a consonant should read as a

consonant it would start with a flexible

pronunciation and a real concern not

with a long bone why because a long bone

needs a consonant to be pronounced

okay and a short vowel means a consonant

to be pronounced the second point is

that each constant has to take one short

vowel when you see a short vowel over

yeah or wow or L if that means that it

is not a long bone once you don't see it

in the middle and at the end then this

is the first length or this is a long

vowel as a proof double prove to you if

you see edit wall or a yeah in the

middle and at the end and the letter

before taking is taking the sound or the

short vowel that matches its sound that

is a great hand to show you that this is

a long vowel okay and that's it about

the long vowels and