The Latin Alphabet - Vowel Pronunciation

the Latin vowel forms the meet of each

word and you can't have a word or a

syllable in Latin without a vowel

each Val comes in long and short forms

and you'll be able to differentiate

between these with the long mark called

a make Ron which is Greek for long

placed over the vowel beware though make

Ron's aren't always placed over vowels

in all books since make Ron's weren't

invented until well after the Classical

period so here's how each vowel sounds

in its corresponding long and short

forms we'll start with a when the a is

long it's like the odd and father when

short it's an O as an idea so this is

the difference between how you would

pronounce the words paella and play law

the long e is an a like the vowel sound

and date the short e is an A in bet so

you can hear the difference in the words

Jabara and do Cara the eye when long

sounds like the e in machine when short

it's an it as in sit the long eye is at

the end of loud ah we in the short eyes

at the end of loud ah wit the long o is

an O as in holy the short o is an AA as

an off the length of the O is the

difference between the words pompe and

Pompeius the you when long is an O sound

like in hoot the short you sounds like a

as in foot manouse and Manos finally the

Y sounds like the vowel in the French

word - or in the German you bear this

vowel was borrowed from the Greeks and

is often used only in Greek words in

place of the epsilon apparently latin

speakers also had problems pronouncing

this vowel correctly and its sound

changed to more like an e nevertheless

we should try to pronounce it in the

classical way so to arañas apart from

these vowel sounds though there are also

combinations of vowels called diphthongs

a diphthong occurs when two vowels merge

together to fill up one syllable

space so you end up pronouncing each

vowel but you don't pronounce them

separately so here let me illustrate the

most common diphthong in Latin is the AE

we pronounce this I and if you listen

very carefully an eye you can hear that

the a merges with the e I so we lie the

other diphthongs in Latin our E I

pronounced a as in deigned a Oh II which

is a in pointa EU which is a oh and sale

au which is au as an out room and UI

which is with like in quick diphthongs

because there are two vowel sounds in

one are always considered to be long

syllables and this concept becomes very

important in studying Latin poetry