2020 Smart Home - Episode 1, What is a Smart Home?

yeah been here it's almost 2020 and I

believe that the era of the smart home

is upon us but some people don't buy

that they say that smart homes are

stupid or that innovation is stalled and

that the most likely future for our

homes is that they'll be filled with an

amorphous blob of cloud control

technology that shares your Dorito

eating habits with Amazon and Google and

probably the hacker is watching to those

people I think your vision is limited

but I don't think that's your fault

because between the highly optimistic

hype and the super detail tutorials and

the countless ultimate Smart Home Tour

videos I think that the essential

elements of a smart home have been lost

and a lot of people have wandered

prematurely into the expensive wasteland

that is the Internet of Things I'm one

of those people and I've spent the

better part of three years trying to

find a path to create a practical smart

home in a family which is what the

series is about so get ready because

this video is fast and concept heavy

because it lays the foundation for

everything that comes next let's get to



all right there are three things we need

to cover what is a smart home five

principles integration fixation let's go

a smart home by my definition is a place

that you occupy that automatically

performs actions which hopefully makes

your life better

that's why videos like this give me a

stroke what's up everybody welcome to my

ultimate smart home tour so these are

gadgets that I use every day first up I

have like nineteen Q bulbs and hue bulbs

let me turn my lights off from my phone

it's super convenient check it out

check it out

what's nice is when I don't have my

phone with me I can use my voice

assistant hey turn off the living room

can lights I also have a bunch of smart

outlets which let me turn stuff on and

off in my house and anywhere in the

world and even though I can't really

start a print remotely I put a smart

outlet on my 3d printer so I can turn it

off in the middle of a print if I want

to and I have the superfast Wi-Fi in the

smart vacuum cleaner that tells me when

it's full so I don't have to look

through the clear container please do

not conflate a house full of gadgets in

a smart home remote connectivity is not

the standard that makes something smart

we've had a remote control technology

for a long time presenting the clapper

let's your appliances turn on and off

just by clapping also if it's not done

right remote-controlled stuff can be

more annoying than useful consider smart

light you're asking a person to trade

switches for a smartphone app which

always goes over really well in house to

share with people

that's how you get to decorate your

smart home with stuff like this so

remember a smart home should

automatically perform actions with

little to no user interaction next I

believe that there are five principles

you have to get right for a practical

and reliable smart home number one smart

devices must be locally controllable and

not reliant on the cloud number 2 smart

devices should be easy to remove you can

be certain that today's smart home

technology is the next generations

asbestos do future you a favor and don't

rip your walls apart to install

something that has a shorter life span

than Ryan Johnson's directing career

number three smart home products should

be cheap because the device will become

outdated so quickly make sure it

provides enough immediate utility to

justify its price tag number four make

sure your smart device is play nicely

with others having a bridge and an app

for every smart device is a drag the

ultimate goal is to link everything

together so research integration

capabilities before you buy it

number five design your smart home to be

transferable it's doubtful that you'll

stay in your house for the rest of your

life if you can't easily remove it then

it better be easy to transfer and

explain to an ordinary person last up I

spent a lot of time thinking about how

the devices in my house communicate and

integrate with each other in with me

sadly tech companies love to glance over

or intentionally hide the details for

how their products actually communicate

to you but the implications are enormous

where is your data does your home still

work if the internet goes down do you

need all those bridges and hub and apps

is it safe and the answer is yes yes yes

and nepo

the actual answer to all of those

questions is it depends on how you set

it up here's a horrible animation

everyone watching this most likely has

Wi-Fi Wi-Fi creates internal network of

clients your computer and TV bones which

can communicate with each other over the

shared local network they can also

access the internet through your router

let's add a lifx bulb it connects to

Wi-Fi and you can control it from your

phone by sending messages directly to it

through the Wi-Fi network even if you

lose Internet access your Wi-Fi network

should still work and you should be able

to control the ball no problem

and turn the lights off from your bed

but what about when you're not home well

you could configure your router to

forward external messages from your

phone to the lifx bulb but that opens a

door to your home network and it can

create security risks

if you're not careful the more

straightforward option that most

companies tend to use is to have a cloud

server in this case the life ex bulb

uses an encrypted connection to talk to

the lifx cloud server just like normal

internet traffic in your house using the

lifx app on your phone you can tell the

lifx server to tell the light bulb in

your house what to do this is way more

convenient for you because it transfers

the burden of security to the company

and lets them deal with all the

configuration stuff the downside is that

you forfeit all of your data and now the

company can see everything you're

telling your light bulb not to mention

turn it on or off if they wanted cloud

reliance becomes more of an issue for

sensitive devices like wise cameras

which stores your video in the cloud so

even when you're on the same local

network the feed has to be uploaded all

the way to the cloud server and come

back before you can see it this is why

that latency is garbage and if your

internet dies you can't access the

stream through your local network even

with wisest local storage feature the

cloud isn't optional so you can never be

sure if somebody is watching you oh boo

hiss that's why in an ideal world

everything stays on your local network

and you avoid using external servers

whenever you can the only way to

practically do this is to use a home

automation hub a hub is a device that

runs in your local network and connects

to all of your smart phone devices when

you're away you can connect to your hub

through a single trusted cloud server

and in your hub can let you talk to all

of your different smart home devices my

favorite smart home hub is home

assistant because it's open source which

means all of its code is shared on the

internet so we can look and know our

data isn't getting uploaded somewhere

home assistance also free to use and it

integrates with more than 1500 devices

which is ridiculously more than any

other hub I know of another cool thing

is the creator of home assistant also

made a cloud service that automatically

configures the external network access

and the connection with voice assistance

historically this was the hardest and

most complicated part of setting up a

smart home but now is just a click of a

button in five dollars a month

which in my opinion is worth every penny

because running a cloud server costs

money and if I'm not paying it then I

should really wonder who is and why also

it's nice because the cloud service

funds all of the other home assistant

development which means they add more

features and fix bugs and seeing us how

home assistant controls just about

everything around me $60 a year is a no


anyway I know that there are other great

home automation platforms out there

which I do want to talk about at some

point but for now I'm focusing on home

system so it's time for house class but

until then happy automating