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What Is a Pulmonary Embolism?

hey there today we will be talking about

pulmonary embolism or PE you may have

heard of PE before or know of someone

who has suffered from or been diagnosed

with it if you have then you may know

that PE can be a fatal condition that

requires proper medical attention so

what exactly is PE and it's caused by a

physical blockage in the pulmonary

artery which is an artery responsible

for carrying blood from the heart to the

lungs this physical blockage is often

caused by a blood clot usually starting

in the lower legs this pocket can block

the flow of blood to the lungs and can

be extremely dangerous around the world

PE is a third leading cause of death in

the general population it is estimated

to affect 60 to 70 per hundred thousand

individuals and affects both males and

females however this value may actually

be higher since diagnosis of PE is

difficult for this reason it's important

to understand the risk factors as well

as the signs and symptoms associated

with PE across studies the biggest risk

factor for having PE

is age for every 10 years after the age

of 60 the risk of having a PE doubles

however age is not the only risk factor

obesity high blood pressure smoking

history of blood clotting surgery and

inactivity are some other factors that

make the matter worse

specifically obesity and high blood

pressure are associated with an

increased risk of PE especially in women

infections in the body that lead to

higher blood clotting responses also

lead to a higher risk for PE being

immobilized after any kind of surgery

also leads to an increased chance in

having PE in addition pool on sitting

such as during long car rides and plane

trips can also lead to pee how do you

know if they're having a PE common signs

and symptoms of PE include shortness of

breath sudden and sharp chest pain and a

cough that may or may not produce bloody

and foamy mucus other signs and symptoms

include leg pain or swelling clammy or

discolored skin fever excessive sweating

a rapid or irregular heart rate and/or

dizziness

the symptoms of pee are similar to the

symptoms of other conditions so if you

experience any of them make sure to seek

immediate medical attention it's also

important to know that some people who

have pee do not have any signs or

symptoms which can make it very

difficult to diagnose

so have you actually determined whether

you had a PE a PE is most commonly

diagnosed when you're in the emergency

room it requires a medical history a

physical exam and some diagnostic tests

using your medical history that's the

position no of any present for doctors

for PE and rules out any other possible

causes with symptoms you are

experiencing the physical examination

involves checking the legs for any signs

of clotting checking blood pressure and

heart and lung function if a physician

still believes that a PE was the cause

of the symptoms then they can conduct

various diagnostic tests to confirm this

these tests include a CT scan ultrasound

and or blood tests the main goal of

treatment for PE is to stop the blood

clot from getting bigger and to prevent

new blood clots from forming there are

various forms of treatment for PE which

include medications procedures and other

therapies medications for PE include

anticoagulants which are blood thinners

and thrombolytics which are clock to

Solvers blood thinners are drugs that

decrease your Bloods ability to clot

they prevent clots from getting bigger

and prevent new clots from forming but

they cannot break up already form clots

specific types of blood thinners include

heparin which can be either given as an

injection or through a needle inserted

into the vein or warfarin which is taken

orally as a pill clot dissolve our

medications that are given through the

vein and have the ability to dissolve

clots quickly however clot dissolve our

can cause sudden and severe bleeding and

are reserved for life-threatening

situations in an emergency room or

hospital in the case of a very large and

life-threatening clot in the lungs

a doctor may suggest removing the clot

using a minimally invasive procedure

besides treating PE there are many other

things that can be done to prevent it

from occurring for example since

prolonged bed rest after any type of

surgery puts you at a higher risk for PE

it is important to start moving around

as soon as possible it's also important

that you take any prescribed medications

to prevent clots from forming as well

exercising your lower leg muscles

especially after long periods of sitting

is helpful in preventing PE compression

socks can also be worn to reduce

swelling that a blood clot in the leg

may cause the sock is worn from the foot

and causes gentle compression or

pressure up the leg that prevents blood

from clotting for individuals who've had

a PE before and are at risk for blood

clots but can optic medication or

respond to them inferior vena cava

filters can also be used to prevent

another PE from occurring a vena cava

filter is a device that can be inserted

to keep blood clots from traveling to

the lungs

the filters inserted inside a large vein

called inferior vena cava and catches

clots before they reached the lungs

these filters are a safe and effective

method of preventing PE in the end PE is

a severe condition that needs to be

properly diagnosed and treated if you

think you a friend or a family member

have symptoms of PE it is very important

that you seek medical attention

immediately for more information on PE

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