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Episode 9 : Noun Phrases

this is episode number nine noun phrases

so we've looked very carefully at nouns

how to identify them and their different

types so now we're ready to move on to

the noun phrase nouns have what we call

the noun phrase just as verbs have verb

phrases adjectives have adjective

phrases adverbs have adverb phrases and

prepositions have prepositional phrases

so a noun phrase consists of one or more

words that are grammatically connected

with a noun at its head but I think the

best way to understand this is just by

looking at some noun phrases so let's do

that one they're very old shoe - 20 hats

three mobile phone for my thick textbook

and five a book of magic now here are

five net noun phrases and now we'll just

go through them one at a time so we can

understand what makes them noun phrases

so in the first known phrase the very

old shoe shoe is the head word and the

other words are pointing towards this

head word it gives us information about

the head word which shoe the shoe the

shoe that we had talked about earlier

the shoe that I'm pointing to the shoe

what type of shoe will a very old shoe

so shoe is the head of the phrase and

she was a noun just a side note here

very is not directly pointing to shoe

but rather to old which is pointing to

shoe

so it's still part of the whole noun

friends now a shoe is a noun because

well it takes an apostrophe s such as

the shoes heel the very old shoes heel

it takes a plural - shoes - very old

shoes so the very old shoe is a noun

phrase we can apply this to the other

noun phrases above let's go 20 hats

20 is telling us how many hats their art

they are grammatically related and hats

is a noun

mobile phone what type of phone a mobile

phone mobile is itself a noun so that

means a noun phrase can have two nouns

where one noun is modifying the other

cricket bat washing basket these are all

examples of two nouns making one noun

phrase my thick textbook is a noun

phrase very similar to my very old shoe

it has a determiner my an adjective

thick and then the head noun textbook

and they're all pointing to it so in

number one that is a determiner old is

our adjective and very is describing old

or as comes from modifying old I should

say and then the noun itself shewn so

you can begin to see that there's

patterns in the way that these things

are coming together now a final example

is the book of magic and this is an

interesting example because the

modification comes after the head noun

instead of before as in the other

examples so we have two nouns yeah book

and magic and even though magic is a

noun and it's at the end of the phrase

like all these other head nouns is

actually not the head down because magic

is modifying book and the book is not

modifying magic what kind of magic is it

a book magic no what kind of book is it

well it's a book of magic so therefore

we can recognize that the book is the

head noun and magic is not now

we know that it's not the head noun

because it follows a preposition so we

can conclude from that that if the noun

is following a preposition of or other

prepositions but of it is acting as the

modifier the man on the moon in this

situation the moon is following on and a

jar of coffee so coffee

he's following off so these all have

similar contract constructs you'll see

in the definition of a noun phrase that

it says one or more nouns this means

that one now by itself is a noun phrase

that consists of a single noun linguists

present the information in trees I'm not

going to sit and draw trees here but I'm

going to show you what a noun phrase

might look like in a tree or use the

very old shoe as the example so at the

top of this part of the tree we have the

noun phrase that's what in P stands for

and then that noun phrase is divided

into three is divided into the

determiner which is that it has an

adjective phrase and then it has the

noun the noun is shoe now the adjective

phrase can be further divided into the

adjective itself which is old and then

that which is modifying the adjective or

the adverb that modifies the adjective

which is vary so the whole tree looks

like that that's what the linguists will

do with all kinds of sentences and

phrases they break it down like that the

next time we're going to move on to

pronouns and find out what they are so

even though even though they're not one

of the big open word classes like verbs

which will be next after pronouns it's a

good time to visit them so until then

thanks for watching the language code