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Building Chords, Easy Music Theory

one question that I get asked a lot is

how I stay so fit and handsome into my

late 20s most of the other questions I

get are about guitar chords now when you

first start out in your first playing

guitar chords are just kind of hand

shapes that you learn to move around and

basically you're just memorizing them

now one of the best ways to really

advance at guitar and something that's

gonna be great for your playing no

matter how long you've been playing is

having a fundamental understanding of

how these shapes work now it's also a

lot of confusion because the naming

system can be completely confusing if

you don't understand it from a

fundamental level like what's the

difference between major chords and

minor chords and how they interact with

each other etc etc so we're gonna do is

actually put the guitar down grab a

piece of paper and a pen and talk about

that the fundamentals of how chords are

made okay now I know a lot of you are

probably like man this is stupid I just

want to play well get over yourself for

like one minute and pay attention

because this is super important and it's

gonna make everything you do from here

on out so much easier to understand once

you just kind of get these basic

concepts down so we're gonna start by

writing out the notes in the key of C

major now if you don't know how to come

about these notes we can talk about that

later but right now we're just gonna

assume that you know the notes in C

major are c d e f G a and B okay so

that's it that's all of C major just

written out for you now the rules that

apply to this apply to any key we're

just using C because it's not really

messy if there aren't any sharps or

flats all hotel okay so the first thing

we're gonna do is we're gonna assign

each one of these letters a number so C

is gonna be one because it's what's

called the root note of E scale D is two

he's three F is for G is five a six B

seven so on and so forth alright so now

we want to figure out how these seven

notes combine to make different chords

so let's start with

most important one in the scale which is

gonna be C major now it's pretty simple

any major chord is gonna be what's

called a triad now the definition of a

triad is just a chord with three

different notes there's a very precise

formula that goes along with this so a C

major triad you just take the first note

the third note and the fifth note and

combine them now these three notes

together C E and G will make a C major

chord now there are a lot of different

ways that we can combine these all these

different ways are gonna be called

different voicings and some voicings

you'll probably find more familiar with

another but this is just a bit now if

you can't notice when you go one three

five like that or just skipping a note

every time now this is actually a really

important concept because it will tell

you all the other chords in this key now

the difference between major and minor

other than you know minor chords sound

kind of sad major chords sound a little

more happier and uplifting is that in

any key and a major key the first fourth

and fifth notes are going to become

major chords and the second third and

six notes are going to become minor

chords now what that means is any of

these seven notes just single pitches

all by themselves have the potential to

become a triad chord now that we haven't

talked about is the seventh one B this

is going to be a diminished triad ax

which doesn't really sound super

pleasing to the ear but it definitely

has this place in music and like rock

and pop you don't hear it too much but

it's deafening worth talking about so

the way you find out which chords go

with each other

like I said the one four and five are

all gonna become major chords two three

and six are like a minor you just do the

same thing you did with the SIA you want

one skip two note three skip to note

five so if we want to find out what d's

chord in the key of C is we already know

that since it's the second one it's

gonna be a minor chord well a D minor is

gonna be

skip 1f skip wanna hey ease cord was

gonna be e skip 1g skip 1 be so eg and B

are gonna make an e minor f4 is a major

chord F a all the way back to the

beginning

C facu s F major G major also sounds

good with this Jeeves if 1 B skip 1 d a6

is minor a c e b this is B diminished so

this card is gonna be B D and F now

there's a lot of different types of

chords and once you kind of see this as

your framework for building them all the

names of the chords are gonna make sense

like for a major 7 all you do is just

add the 7th note from there so I will

probably do another video discussing

that but basically that's it now you've

got a collection of seven chords all of

which are gonna sound quote-unquote good

together

and you can make a progression just by

randomly choosing which ones work

together like you don't think a C major

F major G major progression that's gonna

be really happy and uplifting you could

go a minor D minor an E minor and that's

gonna sound great too but basically that

is the fundamental element of building

chords