S#*t You Should Know (Building Chords)

alright guys today's gonna be fun for

some people some people don't really

like the theory behind things but I

think it's really important to have a

basic understanding so that you can

build on it later and things make sense

just like building a foundation from the

ground up so we're gonna do is we're

gonna take some stuff that we did in the

past on the website and actually put it

together to create chords so from before

we learned how to do the major scale

with a major scale formula so if we're

in C major let's say we're starting on

the second string first fret we go up a

whole step to D whole step to e half

step to F whole step to G whole step to

a whole step to B and then a half step

brings us to the octave C so if you

listen to the whole thing it's doremi

faso Lotito and in my opinion every

guitar player when you start off should

be able to do that just using their ear

and experimenting over time it's a good

thing to be able to do but if you forget

the formula is a whole step a whole step

a half step whole step whole step whole

step half step and this is review for a

lot of you guys if you're going through

the website to learn all this so okay so

we're gonna do is we're gonna find out

how this creates a chord magically so we

have the first notes C

we skip the second now and go to the

third know which is e skip the fourth

note and go to the fifth note which is G

C end up with C G

if you combine those three notes to call

to try it creates a c-major chord so how

do we do that on guitar we can't do it

all on one string for obvious reasons

but we can play them on separate strings

and make them work so let's go ahead and

go to the C from the beginning again

we're gonna play the g string the open G

which is right next to it but we can

also play the open E which is right next

to it as well

so if you put those three together even

though it's mixed up its GCE in this

case it's still those three notes so it

creates a C major chord

so they will call that a triad three

notes however you guys probably know C

major like this the full version of the

chord or even a bar chord of it whatever

you do no matter where you play C major

it's still just three notes so don't let

it fool you that you're playing five

strings in this case all you're doing is

you're adding another C right here and

another e right here so you're just

doubling up on some of the notes to make

it sound more full and it's actually a

really cool shape to play so that's C

major three notes c e and g okay let's

go to another key now let's go to the

key of G so we can start off with open G

and I want you to play on the third

string all the way up to the twelfth

fret the major scale so figure it out so

remember the formula whole whole half

whole whole whole half two holes and a

half three holes and a half where people

go wrong is right when they hit the

first note they say hole and you can't

say that so you haven't got a whole step

yet you're just starting so G then a

whole step to a whole step to B half

step to C

whole step to D step to e whole step to

F sharp don't let that one for you half

step we're back home to G the octave

remember the twelfth fret is the octave

of the open string okay let's take the

first note the third note in the fifth

note of that and see if we can create

the G major chord now so we have G we

have B that's our third interval and as

we reach up we have D that's our fifth

interval so root note third in our

little fifth interval G B D play those

three notes together and you end up with

this so the thing is is when I play the

actual chord shape it might be confusing

just because of the nature of their

strings especially if you play the full

G you're probably like wow that's a lot

of notes but let's break it down okay if

you play the sixth string you're playing


the next drink be the next open string D

so there's your G B D right away


the next string is open G if you play G

major like this like with the full chord

shape the ring finger is gonna play a D


and then the pinkies playing another G

there's three G's in this chord that's

why it's not so huge

great sound in court okay so just so you

know even the big fat G major shape that

we know we call it the third form on the

website that's just three notes

when you first learned it we did the

baby version just like that but it still

just contains the three notes it's D G B


okay now a big part of this lesson is to

teach you how to make major chords into

minor chords and the theory behind it

and then we're also going to do another

type of chord today but it's just gonna

be a little bit of a bonus so I'm not

gonna spend too much time on it but I

want to at least get to the minors for


go a little bit in depth with that and

then we'll hit the last one okay so

let's go to a new key first before we

start to do this minor business let's go

to the key of D so you could do open D

this is just to figure out the note to

remember whole step to e whole step to F

sharp half step to G whole step to a

whole to B whole step to C sharp half

step to D octave so there's our doremi

sound alright let's examine the notes

now so open D was first mmm

we skip the E and go to F sharp that's

our third interval remember that one and

then we had G we skipped and then we

went to a for our fifth interval so we

have D F sharp a that's gonna be our

triad okay that's what they call it so

let's go to the D shape that we all know

it's the triangle shape

very early lesson on the website was to

make this chord shape we also call it

the fifth form

all right let's examine what's inside of

it alright we have open D our index

fingers playing a

our ring fingers playing another D so

spells dad and then our middle finger is

playing F sharp so interval wise that's

our root note the open D then it goes to

a fifth interval the a yeah then the

octave D and the third interval is the

middle finger that's the F sharp note

that one's very important for what we're

trying to learn right now so remember

that ok let's make the D major again

now in order to make a major chord into

a minor chord what you need to do is

take whatever the third interval was do

you remember what it was in this case it

was F sharp and we have to drop it a

half a step so f sharp becomes F natural

just regular F how do you do that in the

context of the court we were playing

well if you go like this

I told you the F sharp was actually

where the middle finger is that's

playing the F sharp so we have to drop

it down half a step to the F now if

you're already playing D like this with

these fingerings it's really hard to do

that you do not want to do this business

that's too crazy so what you do instead

see how the middle finger needs to go

back to the first fret well that's not

gonna happen physically so we're gonna

do is we're gonna let our index finger

come back and play that note and then

our middle finger can lift up and just

go and replace where the index finger

used to be just because the index finger

was nice enough to leave its post to

help off the middle fingers now the

middle finger has to replace it ok so

these might look like two completely

different shapes and fingerings but

essentially what's happening is you're

still playing this chord but this note

has moved back half a step super

important to know that okay so D major

moving this note back by exchanging

fingers and then replacing you have D

minor now

so instead of having D F sharp a which

is the major now we have D F a creates

this sound people say minor has like a

sadness to it a mysterious quality and

you can hear that so the major is very

bold minor

according to spinal tap is the saddest

chord there is alright so that should

give you an idea of how a court can go

from happy to sad just by one little

movement so not that big of a change to

go between those two worlds ok let's try

that in another key and then we're gonna

start to do the bonus section like I was

talking about ok let's go open a whole

step is be will step is C sharp knife

step is D whole step is e whole step is

F sharp whole step is G sharp and then

we're at the octave a so that's our



let's take the three intervals that

create the major chord the first the

third and the fifth a is the first or

the root note

c-sharp is our third interval

e is our fifth interval AC sharp e

that's gonna create an a major chord now

let's play the shape that we've all

learned a straight line like I mentioned

before if you don't know all this basic

stuff you can always learn this on the

website so we have a major let's examine

it okay we have open a the middle

fingers playing e the ring fingers

playing another a

the pinkie is playing C sharp that's

when you're gonna want to keep track of

and then the open e again

so he happens a few times

as well as the a happens a couple times

okay so we're gonna do is we're gonna

take the pinky which is playing the

third interval c-sharp and we need to

move it back half a step now you can

already tell if you're gonna try to use

your pinky for that good luck it's too

weird so instead once again the index

finger comes to the rescue and what it

does is I'm gonna get rid of the top two

fingers here like this

alright physically at the top now we're

gonna do is we're gonna basically take

the pinky note and move it back half a

step by letting the first finger take

over so that's what's happening as you

go from this to this you're just moving

the one note back half a step using two

different fingers okay let's replace

those other fingers to creating the a

major chord now let's do what we just

did we're gonna lift up our pinky but

our index fingers gonna come back and

save the day there's that sad minor

sound so a major is AC sharp and E all

mixed up in there and then we take the C

sharp note bring it back to a regular C

natural and we have a minor

so a miners built off a CNE


okay let's get to the last bonus chord

we're just like I said before we're

gonna just mention it briefly because a

lot there's a lot of confusion

surrounding this chord and where the

confusion comes in is where people start

to see chords like a7 and they don't

know really how it's built well a 7 is

actually built off of an interesting

equation because we have the major triad

to start off with that's the a portion

of it and then that 7 is where people

kind of you know lose lose track of

what's going on so let's fix that today

okay let's go back to the a scale that

we did earlier a B C sharp D e F sharp G

sharp a so what a lot of people assume

is that you're gonna take the 7th note

of that scale and add it to the existing

a chord and that makes sense and that's

actually another kind of chord that

we'll talk about in a second but here's

what you want to do in order to make in

a 7 chord refer to as a dominant chord

also known as a major minor chords this

can be a little confusing but just stay

with me here so if you wanted to go up

to that seventh note hmm G sharp that's

fine in order to make this chord work

the a7 chord you actually have to add a

minor 7 so we're gonna do is we're gonna

take that note and we're gonna bring it

back half a step there's a lot of that

going on today just moving notes a

little bit here and there to change the

entire chord so the G sharp which is the

true 7th note of that scale is now just

G the minor 7 of it

so that gives us what the note we need

to add to the existing chord to make it

in a seven chord I know it's confusing

why do you have to flatten it that's

weird but I'll explain in later lessons

so if we just take this concept of

taking the G the minor seven of that

scale and adding it to the existing

chord which is a major here's how you do

it okay there's a few ways but this is

the way we're gonna do because earlier

in the lesson series we did this shape

and it's very easy to play for a lot of

people since I said we're already

playing a couple of A's in this shape we

have open a and then we're also playing

a with our ring finger here on the third

string so we can get rid of one of them

it's okay we're gonna get rid of the

ring finger one okay so we're gonna do

is we're actually gonna lift up our ring

finger completely exposing the open g

string to the equation listen to this

now there's the a7 chord


now the problem people seem to have

including myself when I was first

learning this is I thought I was taking

something away from the cord when

actually by lifting up your ring finger

you're adding the G to it so don't get

that confused don't think okay in order

to do a 7th chord I have to take away

something from the shape really since

you're lifting up the ring finger you're

adding a G to this equation if you keep

the ring finger down you just have

another a going on

but if you lift it up you're adding


that's why it's also possible if you

play a bard like this you can add the G

here with a ring finger on the first

string third fret I prefer the more

mellow version of it for beginner

intermediate players because just a cool

sounding chord it's kind of simple to do

because you're just lifting off a finger

now you may notice I sometimes use my

ring finger here but sometimes I also

just leave my pinkie down either one is

the same thing this is a little more

stable for some people

so you could do that with any cord so

it's a very quick explanation of the

seven cord but as far as the major and

minor go it's very important to realize

that it's just one little difference

between them that creates the difference

in sound so remember major is root note

third and fifth of the major scale and

then if you want to make it into a minor

triad you just take the third and you

flatten it by half of stuff and then

you're there so experiment with this

play around with it a bit sometimes you

learn better if you take some

information and run with it you don't

need me to hold your hand through the

whole thing because I trust you guys can

you know play with it a little bit and

discover things just by doing that and

if you have any other questions or any

problems you could check out all the

other videos we have on these topics and

there's gonna be a lot more coming out

in the next couple months so keep an eye

out for those lessons I'm sort of on a

roll over here and we'll catch you up

with everything you need to know okay

all right we'll catch you guys soon but